After the electoral reform process following the 2006 presidential elections in the Federal Republic of Mexico, the need for a general democracy assessment grew stronger. The State of Democracy assessment started in 2007 and was conducted by a politically independent team of about 20 researchers from Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana in Mexico City, who used the International IDEA State of Democracy Assessment Framework. The findings and conclusions of the assessment highlighted that many important changes had been initiated in 2006 that led to a successful restructuring of Mexico’s political set-up. However, the country team identified three major areas of concern: social inequality (affecting women and indigenous communities in particular), corruption and the rule of law. The publication of the State of Democracy report prompted discussion among academics and practitioners about Mexico’s state of democracy in general, as well as within the above-mentioned areas of concern. The report was also used for practical analysis by various academics and practitioners.