Understanding and explaining outbreaks of election-related violence is a complex task; predicting whether forthcoming elections will turn violent, which factors may underlie or trigger violence, and what can be done to prevent violence is even more difficult. One way to address the problem is to empower those who have immediate responsibility to prevent and mitigate election-related violence, such as electoral management bodies, security sector agencies and other state and non-state agencies.

The Electoral Risk Management Tool (ERM Tool) is designed to empower people to ensure peaceful and credible elections. The software aims to build the capacities of users to understand, analyse and mitigate electoral risks. Specifically, the ERM Tool can build users’ capacity to understand electoral risk factors; collect and analyse risk data; design prevention and mitigation strategies; and record the results of actions. 

The software is accompanied by three Guides. This Overview provides basic information about the users of the ERM Tool; the structure of the software; and the phases in which the ERM Tool should be used. 


Publication date
22 August 2018
Sead Alihodzic
Number of pages



1. Introduction

2. The ERM Tool’s users

3. The structure of the ERM Tool

4. How to use the ERM Tool

5. Towards a global framework


About the author

About the ERM Tool

About International IDEA 

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Electoral Risk Management Tool: Overview

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