Kenya promulgated a new constitution in August 2010, creating a solid legal platform for enhancing participatory governance through devolved structures at the county level. The establishment of a devolved system of government aimed to facilitate access to power and to move control over resources from the central government to the counties. While devolution is highly popular among Kenyan citizens, there has also been criticism of the costs involved, the increased competition between officers, and corruption and ethnic competition, which have arisen across much of the country.

To shed light on the state of local democracy alongside issues of gender and inclusion, CMD-Kenya commissioned a survey which applied International IDEA’s State of Local Democracy framework, to conduct a ‘health check’ for democratic governance at the local level in order to identify strengths and weaknesses. This comprehensive report presents all the findings of the survey. For a shorter version, please go to the abridged version.


Publication date
04 August 2022
Number of pages
Centre for Multiparty Democracy Kenya
978-91-7671-561-1 (PDF)



Acronyms and abbreviations

Executive summary

1. Introduction and survey background

2. Scope, approach and methodology

3. Main findings

4. Expert opinions

5. Recommendations



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State of Local Democratic Governance in Kenya

Comprehensive Report
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