Reconciliation after Violent Conflict

A Handbook
This publication is only available in electronic format
1 January 2003
91-89098-91-9 (Print)
David Bloomfield, Teresa Barnes, Luc Huyse
Available Languages:

How does a newly democratized nation constructively address the past to move from a divided history to a shared future?

How do people rebuild coexistence after violence?

This Handbook presents a range of tools that can be, and have been, employed in the design and implementation of reconciliation processes. Most of them draw on the experience of people grappling with the problems of past violence and injustice.

There is no ‘right answer’ to the challenge of reconciliation, and so the Handbook prescribes no single approach. Instead, it presents the options and methods, with their strengths and weaknesses evaluated, so that practitioners and policymakers can adopt or adapt them, as best suits each specific context.



Additional materials

Policy Summary in English

Reconciliación luego de Conflictos Violentos. Resumen de Políticas

Policy Summary in Myanmar

Policy Summary in Sinhala

Policy Summary in Tamil

Foreword – Desmond Tutu

Preface – Karen Fogg


Part 1. Reconciliation: The Context

1. Reconciliation: An Introduction

2. The Process of Reconciliation

3. The Context of Reconciliation

Part 2. Reconciliation: The People

4. Victims

5. Offenders

Part 3. Reconciliation: The Instruments

6. Healing

7. Justice

8. Truth-Telling

9. Reparation

Part 4. The International Community

10. The International Community

11. Conclusion


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