Transparency in politics—in particular with regard to political finance—lies at the core of every democracy. The availability of accessible, detailed information about the funding of political parties and candidates enables scrutiny by civil society organizations and the wider public, and ensures that all political actors can be held accountable.
In Albania, transparency in political finance is enshrined in the fundamental principles of the Constitution. Despite the modest progress on party and campaign finance regulation achieved in recent years, however, lack of trust in politics and the risk of political corruption continue to be high.
The digitalization of political finance has been one of the priorities of the Central Election Commission in Albania and can build on previous initiatives to digitalize the electoral process, such as digital voter identification, and electronic voting and counting. This report examines the existing disclosure systems in Europe, highlights best practices and identifies the main challenges for the development and implementation of such a system in Albania, taking account of the specific political and institutional context of the country.
1. Transparency to combat corruption and foster trust
2. Political and institutional context in Albania
3. Current state of political finance reporting and disclosure in Europe
4. Steps for the development of an online reporting and disclosure system in Albania
5. Summary of key recommendations