Combating Corruption: Constitutional Frameworks for the Middle East and North Africa

62
This publication is available in print and electronic format
Published: 
20 August 2015
Language: 
English
Pages: 
164
ISBN: 
978-91-87729-86-7 (Print)
Author(s): 
Sujit Choudhry, Richard Stacey
Co-Publisher(s): 
Center for Constitutional Transitions, United Nations Development Programme
Available Languages:

The term ‘corruption’ is used to describe a wide range of dishonest behaviour, including bribery, embezzlement, abuse of authority, extortion, illicit enrichment, kickbacks, and trading in influence, in addition to actions connected to, and often used to aid in the commission of, corrupt activities such as money laundering, concealment and obstruction of justice.

There is no comprehensive and universally accepted definition of corruption. An alternative approach has been to identify the acts or offences that constitute corrupt practices. In general, these acts and offences share two components: first, they involve the misuse of authority in the public or private sector in order that, second, the persons misusing the authority derive a benefit to which they are not entitled.

This report considers the constitutional frameworks and mechanisms available to prevent and reduce corruption, with particular reference to the transitional states of the Arab region. It examines what can be done to improve anti-corruption frameworks, in particular by exploring how national institutions should be coordinated to reduce the opportunities for corruption.

The report studies existing frameworks within the region, including some of the new constitutions that were drafted since 2010, as well as a large number of comparative examples from other jurisdictions, to determine what lessons exist for the broader region.

Contents

About this Report

Acknowledgements

Preface

Executive Summary

1. Introduction

2. Legislatures

3. Supreme Audit Institutions

4. Specialized Anti-corruption Agencies

5. Anti-corruption Courts and Prosecutors

6. Disclosure and Transparency

Bibliography

Endnotes

Related Content

Apr
13
2018
Photo credit: Marie Doucey, International IDEA

Photo credit: Marie Doucey, International IDEA

News Article
Mar
05
2018
21st Century Panglong Peace Conference, Myanmar. Image: UN Photo

21st Century Panglong Peace Conference, Myanmar.

Image: UN Photo

News Article
Jan
25
2018
International IDEA Secretary-General Yves Leterme presenting at the Annual Democracy Forum in Lima, Peru, 21 November 2017. Photo credit: Yael Rojas.

International IDEA Secretary-General Yves Leterme presenting at the Annual Democracy Forum in Lima, Peru, 21 November 2017. Photo credit: Yael Rojas.

News Article
Dec
22
2017
Participants of the first Inter-Parliamentary Conference on Budget Oversight, Nay Pyi Taw, 23–26 November 2017. Photo credit: Wine Gyi.

Participants of the first Interparliamentary Conference on Budget Oversight, Nay Pyi Taw, 23–26 November 2017. Photo credit: Wine Gyi.

News Article