News Article

Linkage between Climate Change and Democracy: International IDEA signs MoU with the Melanesian Spearhead Group Secretariat

Leena Rikkilä-Tamang and Ambassador Amena Yauvoli. Image credit: International IDEA

Leena Rikkilä-Tamang and Ambassador Amena Yauvoli. Image credit: International IDEA

To form a closer relation with the Melanesian countries and further strengthen International IDEA’s activities in the Pacific region, an extension of the MoU was signed with the Melanesian Spearhead Group (MSG) Secretariat.

The Melanesian Spearhead Group is a sub-regional organization[1] established to promote and strengthen Melanesian cultures, traditions, values and sovereign equality, and foster sustainable economic and technical cooperation amongst Members and Development Partners. Its Secretariat is based in Vanuatu and headed by Director General, Ambassador Amena Yauvoli.

The MoU seeks to establish a mutually cooperative relationship in promoting and developing democracy and democratic institutions in Melanesia, providing the fora for peer to peer exchanges, experiences sharing based on mutual respect, and to cooperate in developing and strengthening political/democratic institutions and processes.

Amongst many topics of interest, the issue of linkage between climate change and democracy/governance features high on the agenda for both organizations and must cross cut all action in the Pacific region. As stated by Ambassador Yauvoli: “Effects of Climate change are currently mostly underestimated: there are more cyclones with higher intensity and our leaders will need to prepare themselves: Article 6 of Climate Change Convention (Paris Agreement) is to educate govt and people about the effects of climate change.“

“International IDEA needs to focus on understanding how climate change will shape democracies and how democracies can respond to this most critical global challenge of our times—there is much to learn and study from how the Pacific islands have been responding”, said Leena Rikkilä-Tamang, Director for Asia and the Pacific programme of International IDEA.

Other areas of collaboration include:

  • Training for MSG election observation groups;
  • Dialogue on gender mainstreaming;
  • Democracy dialogues and training of youth of Melanesia; and
  • Research on measures toward political stability in the sub-region.

Melanesian Spearhead Group Secretariat also expressed interest in learning more about International IDEA facilitated Inter Regional Dialogue on Democracy (IRDD) process of coming together of regional organizations from around the world including EU, AU, ASEAN, OA and others on issues of common interest such as the SDGs.

“These programmes are well suited to advance the MSG Secretariat’s commitments and we look forward to working with development partners, donors and key partners like International IDEA to advance these priorities. A strong subregion will make for a stronger regionalism,” Ambassador Yauvoli emphasized.


[1] MSG Members include Fiji, Solomon Islands, Vanuatu, Papua New Guinea, and Kanak Socialist National Liberation Front of the New Caledonia. Indonesia is an Associate Member while Timor Leste and the United Liberation Movement for West Papua are Observers.


From L-R: Adhy Aman, Leena Rikkilä-Tamang of International IDEA, Ambassador Amena Yauvoli
and Romulo Nayacalevu from the MSG Secretariat. Image credit: International IDEA.


About the Author

Programme Officer
Nyla Grace Prieto

Nyla Prieto leads the citizen-led democracy assessment initiatives in the region, and serves as coordinator for the region’s publications and communication initiatives.