This GSoD In Focus explores the contribution that the Global State of Democracy (GSoD) Indices can make to reviewing progress on the United Nations’ 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development and the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). 

The GSoD Indices can be used to complement official indicators, in order to track trends in achieving the SDGs and their targets. In this regard, the GSoD Indices can be used to provide data on the SDGs for poverty (SDG 1), hunger (2), health and well-being (3), education (4), gender equality (5), inequality (10), and peace, justice and strong institutions (16).

This GSoD In Focus is an update of the 2019 GSoD In Focus No. 5. It reflects updates in International IDEA’s GSoD Indices (conducted in 2023).


Publication date
21 December 2023
Number of pages
978-91-7671-722-6 (PDF)

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1. Introduction

2. International IDEA, democracy and the Sustainable Development Goals

3. The Global State of Democracy Indices

4. How the GSoD Indices contribute to monitoring the SDGs

5. Measuring specific SDGs and targets

6. The importance of democratic accountability


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The Sustainable Development Goals and the GSOD Indices, Revised Edition

GSoD In Focus No. 15, December 2023
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