Understanding and explaining outbreaks of election-related violence is a complex task; predicting whether forthcoming elections will turn violent, which factors may underlie or trigger violence, and what can be done to prevent violence is even more difficult. One way to address the problem is to empower those who have immediate responsibility to prevent and mitigate election-related violence, such as electoral management bodies, security sector agencies and other state and non-state agencies.

The Electoral Risk Management Tool (ERM Tool) is designed to empower people to ensure peaceful and credible elections. The software aims to build the capacities of users to understand, analyse and mitigate electoral risks. Specifically, the ERM Tool can build users’ capacity to understand electoral risk factors; collect and analyse risk data; design prevention and mitigation strategies; and record the results of actions.

The software is accompanied by three Guides. This Prevention and Mitigation Guide aims to assist and inspire users to tailor strategies and actions for the prevention and mitigation of election-related violence. It is complemented by an Internal Factors Guide and an External Factors Guide which provide guidance to the users of the ERM Tool in identifying electoral risks in a given country and electoral context.


Publication date
22 August 2018
Sead Alihodzic, Erik Asplund
Number of pages
978-91-7671-213-9 (PDF)




About this Guide  

1 Legal and institutional framework  

2 Planning and implementation  

3 Training and education  

4 Registration  

5 The electoral campaign  

6 Voting operations and election day  

7 Verification of results  

8 The post-election phase  


About the authors  

About the ERM Tool  

About International IDEA  

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The Prevention and Mitigation of Election-related Violence: An Action Guide

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