The Implementation of Quotas: Latin American Experiences

This publication is only available in electronic format
1 April 2003
91-85391-01-8 (Print)
Available Languages:

Increasing women’s representation and participation in decision-making bodies requires well-developed strategies and information about which measures have worked successfully in different countries with different political systems.

As the debate about the use of quotas as a tool to increase the political participation of women gains momentum, International IDEA is collaborating with Stockholm University in a global research project that will lead to the production of a body of comparative practical knowledge on electoral quotas for women.

As a first step in this process, a Global Database of Quotas for Women has been produced, providing an overview of the use of electoral quotas for women worldwide. The website provides information on the various types of quotas in existence today, detailing the percentages and targets in countries where they are applicable.

International IDEA also convened a series of regional workshops that brought together researchers and practitioners to collect country- and region-specific information on quota implementation and enforcement, and to develop a network of researchers and experts working in this field.

The workshop held in Lima, Peru, on Latin American experiences with quotas was the second in the series.


About the Project and the Report

1. Quota Systems: An Overview

2. Introducing Quotas in Latin America: Discourses and Legal Reforms

3. Quotas in Practice: The Challenge of Implementation and Enforcement

4. Democracy and Electoral Systems

5. Conclusion: Lessons Learned from the Latin American Experience with Quotas

6. About the Authors

7. List of Participants

Related Content

Image credit: International IDEA

Image credit: International IDEA 

Press Release

A collection of speakers from past events.

Top row from left to right: Patricia Torsney, Permanent Observer for the Inter-Parliamentary Union to the United Nations; Anne-Marie Goetz, Professor of Global Affair at the New York University; Maria Bassols, Deputy Permanent Representative for the Permanent Mission of Spain to the United Nations; Malene Almeida, Coordinator at Praia City Group on Governance Statistics; Rumbidzai Kandawasvika-Nhundu, Senior Advisor at International IDEA. 

Middle Row from left to right:  Annika Silva-Leander, Head of Democracy Assessment at International IDEA; Keboitse Machangana, Former Director of Global Programme at International IDEA; Annika Savill, Executive Head for the United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF); Njeri Kabeberi, Chair of International IDEA’s Board of Advisers; Sarah Lister, Head of Governance at United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); Margot Wallström, Former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sweden. 

Bottom row from left to right: Pippa Norris, Lecturer and Political Science at Harvard University; Simonetta Sommaruga, President of the Swiss Confederation; Maria Leissner, Ambassador at Sweden’s Ministry for Foreign Affairs; Riika Laatu, Finnish Ambassador to Myanmar; Amina Mohammed, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations and Chair of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group.