This report examines women’s political representation on the African continent, and shows how quotas have contributed to increasing women’s access to political power.

Gender quotas are now increasingly viewed as an important policy measure for boosting women’s access to decision-making bodies throughout the world. Experience from Africa is very encouraging: over 20 countries on the continent have either legislated quotas or are home to political parties that have adopted them voluntarily.

The report illustrates the different quota types that are being implemented in different political contexts. It includes 17 regional and country case studies. The country case studies include Egypt, Mauritius, Morocco, Mozambique, Namibia, Senegal, South Africa, Tanzania, the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Rwanda and Uganda.


Publication date
01 September 2004
Number of pages
91-85391-17-4 (Print)

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About the Project and this Report

1. Quota Systems: An Overview of Global Trends and Continental Analysis

2. Introducing Quotas in Africa: Discourses and Legal Reform

3. Political Party Quotas in Practice

4. Overview of Quotas in Africa

5. Quotas in Practice: Challenges to Implementation and Enforcement

6. Quotas, Democracy and Governance

7. Conclusion

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The Implementation of Quotas: African Experiences

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