Dialogues on Voluntary Codes of Conduct for Political Parties in Elections: A Facilitator's Guide

This publication is available in print and electronic format
Published: 
24 July 2017
Language: 
English
Pages: 
136
ISBN: 
978-91-7671-105-7
Author(s): 
Tatiana Monney and Jorge Valladares Molleda (editors)
Co-Publisher(s): 
Human Security Division of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs

Elections, if they are inclusive and fair, can have a stabilizing effect on post-conflict and transitioning democracies. The competitive nature of elections can however provide entry points for violence and conflict, which can derail peace and the first steps in a transition. The conduct of political parties is central to the protection of peacebuilding and democratic efforts. Political parties can either fuel electoral violence, or, help to deter or resolve violent situations.


Codes of conduct have proved particularly useful in enabling political parties to reaffirm their commitments to fair play in elections. This guide captures lessons learned from all continents for facilitators of voluntary codes of conduct. It offers a menu of options and case studies from across the globe, with a focus on the importance of process and facilitation as much as the content of the agreements.  The authors of this guide suggest that a code of conduct for political parties—particularly a voluntary code which by its nature is not legally binding—is more likely to achieve its goals when produced as part of a consultative dialogue with the parties.


The guide is the result of a collaboration between the Human Security Division of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (FDFA) and the International Institute for Democracy and Electoral Assistance (International IDEA). Both institutions hope to contribute to the efforts of those working as honest brokers of dialogues on democratic reform and peacebuilding, as well as the development of codes of conduct for political parties in elections around the world.

Contents

Abbreviations
Preface
Acknowledgements

Introduction

1. General framework

2. The content of a code of conduct 

3. Creating a code of conduct in the run-up to an election: the process

4. Implementation and monitoring

5. Selecting the dialogue participants

6. Facilitating the dialogue process

7. Practical issues

8. Communication and public information

References and further reading

Annex A. Country case studies: Voluntary codes of conduct for political parties and candidates

Annex B. Statutory codes of conduct and other types of agreement on peaceful election processes

Annex C. An example of code of conduct implementation monitoring: Myanmar

About the contributors
About the organizations

 

Media

Video
Video 

Photos

    22 July 2014: Kemal Morjane, former Tunisian Minister of Foreign Affairs and President of Al-Moubadara Party, signing the Tunisian Charter of Honour with Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue representative Omeyya Naoufel Seddik. Moncef Marzouki, President of the Tunisian Republic, and Mustapha Ben Jaafar, President of the National Constituent Assembly, in the background.

    Photo credit: Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue

    22 July 2014: Maya Jribi, Secretary General of the Republican Party, signing the Tunisian Charter of Honour with Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue representative Omeyya Naoufel Seddik.

    Photo credit: Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue

    22 July 2014: Moncef Marzouki, President of the Tunisian Republic, speaking at the Tunisian Charter of Honour signing ceremony. Chafik Sarsar, President of the High Independent Electoral Commission, and Mustapha Ben Jaafar, President of the National Constituent Assembly, in the background.

    Photo credit: Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue

    22 July 2014: Mustapha Ben Jafaar, President of the Tunisian National Constituent Assembly, speaking at the Tunisian Charter of Honour signing ceremony. Moncef Marzouki, President of the Tunisian Republic, Chafik Sarsar, President of the High Independent Electoral Commission, and Nouri Lajmi, President of the High Commission for the Control of Audio-Visual Media, in the background.

    Photo credit: Centre for Humanitarian Dialogue

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