Gender quotas are numerical targets that stipulate the number or percentage of women that must be included in a candidate list or the number of seats to be allocated to women in a legislature. They aim to reverse discrimination in law and practice and to level the playing field for women and men in politics.

This report collects data on the use of gender quotas around the world. It presents an overview of trends and challenges in the implementation of quotas, and includes profiles of 85 countries and territories with detailed description of quota systems used in them.

This report contains data collected up to December 2013. For more updated information and data regarding the different countries covered in this report, please visit the Global Database of Quotas for Women, a joint database between the Inter-Parliamentary Union, Stockholm University and International IDEA.


Publication date
20 June 2014
Drude Dahlerup, Zeina Hilal, Nana Kalandadze, Rumbidzai Kandawasvika-Nhundu
Number of pages
Inter-Parliamentary Union, Stockholm University
978-91-87729-09-6 (Print)

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Foreword Preface 


1. Introduction 

2. Women in parliaments: global and regional trends 

3. Electoral gender quotas: a major electoral reform  

4. Lessons learned and experiences from the field 

References and further reading 


Countries and territories 



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Atlas of Electoral Gender Quotas

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