International IDEA’s Annual Review of Constitution-Building Processes provides a retrospective account of constitutional transitions around the world, the issues that drive them, and their implications for national and international politics.

This fourth edition covers events in 2016 and includes chapters on democratic decay in Poland and Venezuela; constitutional referendums in Italy, the United Kingdom and Zambia; federalism and decentralization; senate reforms in Côte d’Ivoire, Italy and Thailand; constitution-building processes in Armenia and Georgia; and  West Africa’s fourth wave of constitutional change. 

Writing at the mid-way point between the instant reactions of the blogosphere and academic analyses that follow several years later, the authors provide accounts of ongoing political transitions, the major constitutional issues they give rise to, and the implications of these processes for democracy, the rule of law and peace.


Publication date
03 January 2018
Adem Kassie Abebe, Sumit Bisarya, Markus Böckenförde, W. Elliot Bulmer, Tom Gerald Daly, Ellen Hubbard, Michael Meyer-Resende, Yuhniwo Ngenge
Number of pages
978-91-7671-142-2 (PDF)



Sumit Bisarya

1. Democratic decay in 2016
Tom Gerald Daly 

2. Elite compacts and popular sovereignty: the constitutional referendum in comparative context 
W. Elliot Bulmer 

3. Federalism’s image problem: why constitution-makers should work with decentralization 
Markus Böckenförde and Michael Meyer-Resende

4. Senate reforms in constitution-making processes in 2016
Adem Kassie Abebe

5. Constitution-building processes in Armenia and Georgia
Sumit Bisarya and Ellen Hubbard

6. Deconstructing West Africa’s fourth wave of constitutional change
Yuhniwo Ngenge

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Annual Review of Constitution-Building Processes: 2016

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