The year 2020 was very challenging for electoral stakeholders and administrators Indonesia; direct local elections were held simultaneously in all regions of the country amid the Covid-19 pandemic. Compounding this challenge, the 2020 direct local elections were held on 9 December, which coincides with the peak period of the rainy season in Indonesia.

This case study elaborates experiences of local election officials and what they have prepared for the future, with a focus on two contrasting districts: Semarang City (capital of Central Java Province—which was not flooded on
election day itself) and to its east Demak, one of Indonesia’s most severely flood-affected regions.

Read more about other countries' case studies on The Impact of Natural Hazards on Elections page.


Publication date
30 November 2022
Yogi Setya Permana
Number of pages



Background and institutional context

Flooding and Covid-19 in 2020: The national picture

The twin hazards in Demak and Semarang—overview



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Taming the Twin Hazards: Indonesia’s 2020 Direct Local Election

Case Study, 30 November 2022
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