This Constitution Brief discusses the appointment of ministers in different systems of government.

It focuses on the question of whether ministers should have seats in the legislature. It is tailored to the specific needs of the Myanmar context.

The Constitution Brief explores: (a) the appointment of ministers at the union level and (b) the appointment of chief ministers and ministers at the region and state levels.


Publication date
30 September 2019
Elliot Bulmer
Number of pages



1. Scope and purpose

2. Ministerial appointments and systems of government

3. The case for the ‘fused’ rule: ministers being members of the legislature

4. The case for ‘separated’ rule: ministers not being members of the legislature

5. Additional institutional and contextual considerations

6. Reflections for Myanmar


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Should Ministers be Members of the Legislature?

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