Across all the regions of the world, women remain underrepresented in politics. There are several barriers that women encounter when aspiring for elective positions of power and decision-making. Though there has been a notable increase in women’s representation in decision-making, especially at the parliamentary level, there has simultaneously been an increase in violence against women in politics.

Violence against women in politics encompasses all forms of aggression, coercion and intimidation that aims to exclude women—whether serving as civic leaders, voters, political party members, candidates, elected representatives, appointed officials or election administrators. This paper presents interventions for political parties on how to prevent and address any form of violence against women in politics in order to strengthen women’s participation and representation in politics and political decision-making.


Publication date
07 December 2022
Political Party Peer Network
Number of pages
The National Democratic Institute, The Oslo Center, Demo Finland

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Situational overview

Inclusion of women in politics

Female aspirants

Female members of political parties

Female candidates

Elected women

Individual support

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Preventing Violence Against Women in Politics

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