The Implementation of Quotas: Asian Experiences

This publication is only available in electronic format
1 January 2003
91-89098-99-4 (Print)

This report is the first in a series of reports on regional experiences with quota implementation.

It provides information about the use of gender quotas as an instrument to increase women’s political representation in Asia, and to show that they can and are being applied successfully. The report includes case studies from India, East Timor, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Indonesia.

The report series addresses key issues such as the type of quotas in use in some parts of Asia (including legislated and political party quotas); when, where and how quotas have worked; the challenges of implementation and enforcement; and the consequences of the use of quotas.


About the Project and the Report

1. Introduction: Research on Quotas in a Global Perspective

2. Implementation: Quotas at the Local Level in India

3. Imposing Quotas from Above: The Case of East Timor

4. Empowering Women Elected through Quotas: The Pakistani Experiment

5. Repealing Quotas: The Bangladesh Experience

6. Lobbying for Quotas: The Indonesian Experience in 2002

Conclusion: Lessons Learned from the Asian Experience with Quotas

About the Authors

List of Participants

Related Content

Image credit: International IDEA

Image credit: International IDEA 

Press Release

A collection of speakers from past events.

Top row from left to right: Patricia Torsney, Permanent Observer for the Inter-Parliamentary Union to the United Nations; Anne-Marie Goetz, Professor of Global Affair at the New York University; Maria Bassols, Deputy Permanent Representative for the Permanent Mission of Spain to the United Nations; Malene Almeida, Coordinator at Praia City Group on Governance Statistics; Rumbidzai Kandawasvika-Nhundu, Senior Advisor at International IDEA. 

Middle Row from left to right:  Annika Silva-Leander, Head of Democracy Assessment at International IDEA; Keboitse Machangana, Former Director of Global Programme at International IDEA; Annika Savill, Executive Head for the United Nations Democracy Fund (UNDEF); Njeri Kabeberi, Chair of International IDEA’s Board of Advisers; Sarah Lister, Head of Governance at United Nations Development Programme (UNDP); Margot Wallström, Former Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs of Sweden. 

Bottom row from left to right: Pippa Norris, Lecturer and Political Science at Harvard University; Simonetta Sommaruga, President of the Swiss Confederation; Maria Leissner, Ambassador at Sweden’s Ministry for Foreign Affairs; Riika Laatu, Finnish Ambassador to Myanmar; Amina Mohammed, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations and Chair of the United Nations Sustainable Development Group.