This Primer discusses constitutional rules for the selection and removal of parliamentary governments. Governments in parliamentary democracies are not elected directly by the people; rather, they are selected indirectly by or through parliament, are responsible to parliament and may be removed from office by a parliamentary vote of no confidence.

International IDEA’s Constitution-Building Primers are designed to assist in-country constitution-building or constitutional-reform processes by helping citizens, political parties, civil society organizations, public officials and members of constituent assemblies make wise constitutional choices. They also provide guidance for staff of intergovernmental organizations and other external actors working to provide well informed, context-relevant support to local decision-makers.

Each Primer is written as an introduction for non-specialist readers, and as a convenient aide-memoire for those with prior knowledge of, or experience with, constitution-building. Arranged thematically around the practical choices faced by constitution-builders, the Primers aim to explain complex constitutional issues in a quick and easy way.


Publication date
09 October 2017
Elliot W. Bulmer
Number of pages
978-91-7671-122-4 (Print)



1. Introduction

2. Content and scope

3. What is the issue?

4. Basic design options

5. Additional design considerations

6. Contextual considerations

7. Decision-making questions

8. Examples



Give us feedback

Do you have a question or feedback about this publication? Leave us your feedback, and we’ll get back to you

Send feedback

Government Formation and Removal Mechanisms

International IDEA Constitution-Building Primer 17
Total views 7950
Downloads 71
Close tooltip