Electoral management bodies (EMBs) need to become more professional if they are to retain the trust of voters.

This Handbook was developed for electoral administrators and those involved in reforming EMBs. It provides comparative experience of and best practices on EMB structures and funding models, as well as means for evaluating performance.

A range of case studies illustrate examples from specific contexts in Afghanistan, Armenia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Cambodia, Costa Rica, Haiti, India, Kenya, the Republic of Korea, Liberia, Mexico, Nigeria, Norway, Senegal, Republic of Seychelles, Timor-Leste, Tonga, Tunisia, Ukraine, the United Kingdom and the United States.

This new and revised edition of the 2006 International IDEA Handbook includes updated country-level data and case studies and significantly expanded sections on the role of gender, professional development and technology in elections.


Publication date
20 December 2014
Helena Catt, Andrew Ellis, Michael Maley, Alan Wall, Peter Wolf
Number of pages
978-91-87729-66-9 (Print)


Related databases & tools


Map of electoral management models of the world




Acronyms and Abbreviations


1. Who Organizes Elections?

2. The Legal Framework: The Context for an EMB’s Role and Powers

3. The Powers, Functions and Responsibilities of an EMB

4. The Composition, Roles and Functioning of an EMB

5. Planning and Implementing EMB Activities

6. The Development of Professional Electoral Management

7. The Financing of EMBs

8. Stakeholder Relationships

9. Electoral Technology

10. Assessing EMB Performance

11. EMB Sustainability

12. EMB Networks

13. Reforming Electoral Processes



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Electoral Management Design

Revised Edition
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