Case study: Western Balkans
This Case Study is part of The Global State of Democracy 2023 Report.
While far from homogeneous and at different stages of democratization and European Union accession processes, Albania, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Montenegro, North Macedonia and Serbia all continue to grapple with the shared challenge of middling performance and stifled growth in formal countervailing institutions, according to the Global State of Democracy Indices data.
Civic engagement, activism and grassroots movements—of the people, by the people, for the people
The media as an oversight countervailing institution—indispensable yet not flawless
Shifting dynamics? Power expanding beyond government walls
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