International IDEA’s Annual Review of Constitution-Building Processes: 2020 provides a retrospective account of constitutional reform processes around the world and from a comparative perspective, and their implications for national and international politics.

This eighth edition covers events in 2020 and includes chapters on the impact of the Covid-19 pandemic and emergency legal frameworks on constitutionalism and constitution-building worldwide; the impact of the pandemic on attempted executive aggrandizement in Central African Republic, Hungary and Sri Lanka; the impact of the pandemic on peace- and constitution-building processes in Libya, Syria and Yemen; gender equality in constitution-building and peace processes, with a particular focus on Chile and Zimbabwe constitutional amendments to enhance the recognition of customary law in Samoa and Tonga and the establishment, functioning and outputs of the French Citizens’ Convention for Climate.

Writing at the mid-way point between the instant reactions of the blogosphere and academic analyses that follow several years later, the authors provide accounts of ongoing political transitions, the major constitutional issues they give rise to, and the implications of these processes for democracy, the rule of law and peace.


Publication date
19 November 2021
Adem Abebe, Anna Dziedzic, Asanga Welikala, Erin C. Houlihan, Joelle Grogan, Kimana Zulueta-Fülscher, Thibaut Noël and Zaid Al-Ali
Number of pages
978-91-7671-497-3 (PDF)


Kevin Casas-Zamora

Kimana Zulueta-Fülscher and Erin C. Houlihan

1. The impact of Covid-19 on constitutionalism and constitution-building
Joelle Grogan

2. Aggravating aggrandizement? Comparing the constitutional impact of the pandemic in the Central African Republic, Hungary and Sri Lanka 
Adem Abebe and Asanga Welikala

3. Constitution-building and peacebuilding in the Middle East and North Africa region in 2020 
Zaid Al-Ali

4. The bumpy road to women’s equal participation in constitution-building and peace processes: a milestone year marking progress and setbacks 
Erin C. Houlihan

5. Custom, constitutions and change: constitutional amendments in Samoa and Tonga in 2020
Anna Dziedzic

6. Attempting constitutional amendment in France: greening the Constitution or surfing the green wave?
Thibaut Noël

About the authors 

About International IDEA

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Annual Review of Constitution-Building: 2020

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