Voter turnout is one of the crucial indicators of how citizens participate in the governance of their country.

Higher voter turnout is in most cases a sign of the vitality of democracy, while lower turnout is usually associated with voter apathy and mistrust of the political process.

International IDEA’s Voter Turnout Database contains the most comprehensive global collection of voter turnout statistics from presidential and parliamentary elections since 1945. This Codebook provides detailed of the variables and answer options in the Database.


Publication date
10 December 2018
Number of pages

Related databases & tools



Variables used in the Voter Turnout Database

References and further reading

About International IDEA

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Voter Turnout Database Codebook

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