การออกแบบระบบเลือกตั้ง

คู่มือเล่มใหม่ของ International IDEA
1,322
This publication is only available in electronic format
Published: 
1 April 2012
Language: 
ไทย
Pages: 
258
ISBN: 
978-91-86565-54-1 (Print)
Author(s): 
Andrew Reynolds, Ben Reilly, Andrew Ellis

The choice of electoral system is one of the most important institutional decisions for any democracy.

In almost all cases the choice of a particular electoral system has a profound effect on the future political life of the country concerned, and electoral systems, once chosen, often remain fairly constant as political interests solidify around and respond to the incentives presented by them. The choices made may have consequences that were unforeseen, as well as predicted effects.

Electoral systems can also have a significant impact on the wider political and institutional framework. Their design and effects are heavily contingent upon other structures within and outside the constitution. Successful electoral system design comes from looking at the framework of political institutions as a whole: changing one part of this framework is likely to cause adjustments in the way other institutions within it work.

This Handbook provides a comprehensive overview of the electoral systems in use in more than 200 countries and includes 18 case studies as well as a map showing where the various electoral systems are used. It discusses the advantages and disadvantages of different electoral systems, and the factors to consider when modifying or designing an electoral system.

Media

Oct
02
2020
Video
The open-list proportional representation (OLPR) system, as opposed to the closed-list version, allows voters to pick their favourite candidate from...

Related Content

Nov
23
2021
The Technical Secretariat for Electoral Administration of Timor-Leste and International IDEA present the current electoral context to the European Union's Exploratory Mission on 12 October 2021. Image credit: International IDEA.

The Technical Secretariat for Electoral Administration of Timor-Leste and International IDEA present the current electoral context to the European Union's Exploratory Mission on 12 October 2021. Image credit: International IDEA.

News Article
Oct
25
2021
Image credit: International IDEA

Image credit: International IDEA

News Article
Oct
25
2021
Image credit: International IDEA

Image credit: International IDEA

News Article
Oct
07
2021
'A Covid-Resilient Presidential Election for Timor-Leste in 2021: Baseline Assessment and Recommendations' was presented to the country's two electoral management bodies on 24 September 2021. Image credit: Tito Da Costa of UNDP Timor-Leste.

'A Covid-Resilient Presidential Election for Timor-Leste in 2021: Baseline Assessment and Recommendations' was presented to the country's two electoral management bodies on 24 September 2021. Image credit: Tito Da Costa of UNDP Timor-Leste.

Feature Story