If e-voting is currently being used, what type(s) of technology used?

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Breakdown by Continent

Continent Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT) Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR) Electronic ballot printers (EBPs) Internet voting systems Not specified No data Not applicable Other Countries researched
Africa 1
(2.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
49
(98.0%)
0
(0.0%)
50
Americas 7
(28.0%)
3
(12.0%)
1
(4.0%)
3
(12.0%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(4.0%)
12
(48.0%)
3
(12.0%)
25
Asia 6
(14.0%)
4
(9.3%)
0
(0.0%)
1
(2.3%)
1
(2.3%)
0
(0.0%)
31
(72.1%)
1
(2.3%)
43
Europe 3
(7.5%)
2
(5.0%)
1
(2.5%)
2
(5.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
34
(85.0%)
0
(0.0%)
40
Oceania 0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
2
(25.0%)
0
(0.0%)
0
(0.0%)
6
(75.0%)
0
(0.0%)
8
Total 17 9 2 8 1 1 132 4 166

Country answers

Country Value Details
Afghanistan Not applicable

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Albania Not applicable

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Algeria Not applicable

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Angola Not applicable

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Argentina Electronic ballot printers (EBPs)

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Armenia Internet voting systems

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Australia Internet voting systems

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Austria Not applicable

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Azerbaijan Not applicable

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Bahrain Not applicable

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Bangladesh Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)

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Belarus Not applicable

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Belgium Electronic ballot printers (EBPs)

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Belize Not applicable

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Benin Not applicable

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Bhutan Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)

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Bolivia Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)

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Bosnia and Herzegovina Not applicable

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Botswana Not applicable

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Brazil Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)

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Bulgaria Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)

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Burkina Faso Not applicable

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Burundi Not applicable

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Cambodia Not applicable

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Cameroon Not applicable

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Canada Internet voting systems

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Central African Republic Not applicable

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Chad Not applicable

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Chile Not applicable

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Colombia Not applicable

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Comoros Not applicable

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Congo, Democratic Republic of Not applicable

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Cook Islands Not applicable

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Costa Rica Not applicable

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Cote d'Ivoire Not applicable

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Croatia Not applicable

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Cuba No data

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Cyprus Not applicable

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Czech Republic Not applicable

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Denmark Not applicable

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Djibouti Not applicable

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Dominican Republic Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)

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Ecuador Other (see comments)

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Egypt Not applicable

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El Salvador Not applicable

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Equatorial Guinea Not applicable

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Eritrea Not applicable

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Estonia Internet voting systems

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Ethiopia Not applicable

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Fiji Not applicable

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Finland Not applicable

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France Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)

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Gabon Not applicable

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Gambia Not applicable

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Georgia Not applicable

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Germany Not applicable

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Ghana Not applicable

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Greece Not applicable

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Guatemala Not applicable

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Guinea Not applicable

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Haiti Not applicable

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Honduras Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)

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Hong Kong Not applicable

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Hungary Not applicable

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Iceland Not applicable

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India Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)

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Indonesia Not applicable

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Iran, Islamic Republic of Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)

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Iraq Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)

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Israel Not applicable

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Italy Not applicable

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Jamaica Not applicable

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Japan Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)

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Jordan Not applicable

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Kazakhstan Not applicable

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Kenya Not applicable

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Kiribati Not applicable

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Korea, Republic of Not specified

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Kosovo Not applicable

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Kuwait Not applicable

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Kyrgyzstan Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)

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Lao People's Dem. Republic Not applicable

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Latvia Not applicable

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Lebanon Not applicable

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Lesotho Not applicable

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Liberia Not applicable

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Libya Not applicable

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Liechtenstein Not applicable

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Lithuania Not applicable

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Macedonia, former Yugoslav Republic (1993-) Not applicable

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Madagascar Not applicable

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Malawi Not applicable

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Malaysia Not applicable

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Maldives Not applicable

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Mali Not applicable

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Malta Not applicable

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Mauritania Not applicable

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Mauritius Not applicable

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Mexico Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
Internet voting systems

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Moldova, Republic of Not applicable

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Mongolia Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
SMS voting system

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Montenegro Not applicable

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Morocco Not applicable

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Mozambique Not applicable

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Myanmar Not applicable

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Namibia Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)

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Nauru Not applicable

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Nepal Not applicable

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Netherlands Not applicable

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New Zealand Internet voting systems

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Nicaragua Not applicable

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Niger Not applicable

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Nigeria Not applicable

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Norway Not applicable

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Pakistan Not applicable

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Palau Not applicable

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Panama Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
Internet voting systems
A laser printer and smart card reading devices.

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Papua New Guinea Not applicable

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Paraguay Not applicable

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Peru Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)

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Philippines Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)

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Poland Not applicable

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Portugal Not applicable

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Republic of The Congo (Brazzaville) Not applicable

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Romania Not applicable

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Russian Federation Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)

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Rwanda Not applicable

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Senegal Not applicable

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Serbia Not applicable

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Seychelles Not applicable

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Sierra Leone Not applicable

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Singapore Not applicable

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Slovakia Not applicable

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Slovenia Not applicable

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South Africa Not applicable

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South Sudan Not applicable

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Spain Not applicable

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Sri Lanka Not applicable

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State of Palestine Not applicable

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Sudan Not applicable

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Swaziland Not applicable

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Sweden Not applicable

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Switzerland Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
Internet voting systems

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Syrian Arab Republic Not applicable

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Taiwan Not applicable

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Tajikistan Not applicable

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Tanzania, United Republic of Not applicable

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Thailand Not applicable

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Timor-Leste Not applicable

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Togo Not applicable

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Trinidad and Tobago Not applicable

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Tunisia Not applicable

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Turkey Not applicable

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Turkmenistan Not applicable

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Uganda Not applicable

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Ukraine Not applicable

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United Arab Emirates Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)

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United Kingdom Not applicable

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United States Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)
Optical Mark Recognition (OMR) or Optical Character Recognition (OCR)
Some states allow overseas and military voter to send ballots electronically.

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Uruguay Not applicable

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Uzbekistan Not applicable

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Venezuela Direct recording electronic (DRE) voting machines with and without voter-verified paper audit trail (VVPAT)

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Viet Nam Not applicable

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Yemen Not applicable

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Zambia Not applicable

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Zimbabwe Not applicable

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