Gender Quotas Database

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Southern Europe

Albania has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 50 of 140 (36%) seats in the Kuvendi / Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of parliament Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas

For the Single / Lower house? Yes
For the Upper house? No
For the Sub-national level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas?

Adopted by political parties?
Is there additional information? Yes

Single / Lower House

Kuvendi / Assembly

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional information

In November 2008, Albania's electoral system was reformed, introducing list proportional representation system in place of the previously used mixed member proportional representation system. Under the new system, all 140 members of parliament are elected through a proportional representation system in 12 constituencies corresponding to the 12 administrative regions. The threshold to win parliamentary representation is 3 per cent for political parties and 5 per cent for the pre-election coalitions.


In the Election of 2017 in Albania, "[w]omen were active but underrepresented in the campaign. Several events specifically targeted women voters. However, the largest political parties did not always respect the gender quota in their candidate lists and women candidates received little media attention. While some 40 per cent of candidates were women, they received only 26 per cent of seats in the new parliament. Women were also underrepresented in the election administration, including in decision-making positions." (OSCE: 2017: 2). 

In September 2021, Albania's parliament successfully voted in 12 women in the cabinet consisting of 17 members. This makes it the first cabinet to have a greater majority of women than men upon the introduction of the multiparty system present. (Reuters, September 17, 2021)


Legal Sources:

  • Constitution of Albania - Link
  • Electoral Law - Link
  • Political Party Law - Link
  • Law on local self-government (amended through 2019) - Link
  • Gender Quota Law - Link

Other Sources:

  • Parliament of Albania - Link
  • Electoral Commission - Link

Additional reading

  • See the latest updates on Albania on iKNOW Politics
  • Albanian Central Election Commission website,
  • United Nations Women, July 2017. 'In Albania, elections herald historic increase in number of women MPs'
  • Antic, M.G and Lokar, S. 2006. 'The Balkans: from total rejection to gradual acceptance of gender quotas', in Dahlerup, D. (ed.) Women, Quotas and Politics, London/New York: Routledge, pp. 138-167.
  • Bulgarian Gender Research Foundation. 2002. ‘A Compilation of NGO Report from Balkan Countries: Albania.’ Implementation of the Convention on the Elimination of all Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). pp.24-53
  • Stability Pact Gender Task Force (SPGTF). 2002. ‘Building National Gender Equality Mechanisms in South East Europe – Women's Use of the State.’
  • Woodward, Alison . 2001. ‘Women Are Doing It – Building a Gender Balanced Democracy Using Sticks, Carrots and Kisses'. Stability Pact Gender Task Force Regional Meeting, Slovenia (SPGTF).
  • International Helsinki Federation for Human Rights. 2000. Report: Women 2000.
  • Albanian Parliament website,

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