Gender Quotas Database

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Southern Europe

Portugal has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas and legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 84 of 230 (37%) seats in the Assembleia da Republica / Assembly of the Republic are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of parliament Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas

For the Single / Lower house? Yes
For the Upper house? No
For the Sub-national level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas?

Adopted by political parties? Yes
Is there additional information? Yes

Single / Lower House

Assembleia da Republica / Assembly of the Republic

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional information

In the 2015 elections, parties did not experience difficulties with nominating at least 33 % women in their candidates list as provided by the electoral law (OSCE/ODIHR 2015).  72 women were elected in the October 2015 elections, the number of women was increased to 80 after the formation of the second Government on 27 November 2015 (IPU Parline). 

In 1999 the parliament rejected two proposals by the Socialist Party introducing a fixed number of candidates of each sex on party nominations. In 2006, Article 29 of the Law Governing Political Parties was amended to ensure gender equality in parties as well.


Legal Sources:

  • Constitution of Portugal - Link
  • Parliamentary Electoral Law - Link
  • Political Parties Law - Link
  • Parity Law - Link

Other Sources:


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