Gender Quotas Database

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Southern Asia

Maldives has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas at the sub-national level. 4 of 87 (5%) seats in the Majlis / People's Majlis are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of parliament Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas

For the Single / Lower house? No
For the Upper house? No
For the Sub-national level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas?

Adopted by political parties? No
Is there additional information? Yes

Single / Lower House

Majlis / People's Majlis

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional information

Electoral quotas for women had been introduced for the first time in Maldives in 2019, allocating 33 per cent of the local council seats to women. Enhanced gender representation in the judiciary was a top priority in the judicial reform agenda of the Government and today women judges were adjudicating over cases in all tiers of the Maldivian judiciary. The Government acknowledged the low rate of women representation in the current Parliament and would continue to bring the necessary legislative amendments to establish quotas for women within political parties’ internal elections.(OHCHR, 2021).

According to the NATIONAL GENDER EQUALITY ACTION PLAN 2022-2026, the Target is that at the end of 2026 33% quota of national parliamentary seats reserved for women is introduced and endorsed.



  • Constitution of Maldives - Link
  • Elections General Act - Link
  • Political Parties Act 4/2013 - Link
  • Gender Equality Act - Link


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