Election observation bodies have paid increasing attention to the problems generated by electronic voting, or, in more general terms, by the use of electronic means as a way to improve traditional electoral processes.

This paper focus on electronic voting: that is to say, casting a ballot by electronic means. It provides an overview of the different written international tools that have been developed for the observation of e-enabled elections and presents some of the challenges to consider when observing electronic voting.


Publication date
01 December 2012
Jordi Barrat
Number of pages


Acronyms and Abbreviations

Where Are We?       

Observation of E-enabled Elections: the Main Challenges

Concluding Remarks: Things to Do and Things Not to Do

References and Further Reading

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Observing E-enabled Elections: How to Implement Regional Electoral Standards

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