Gender Quotas Database

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Haiti has a Bicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and upper house and at the sub-national level. 0 of 119 (0%) seats in the Chambre des Députés / Chamber of Deputies are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of parliament Bicameral

Are there legislated quotas

For the Single / Lower house? Yes
For the Upper house? Yes
For the Sub-national level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas?

Adopted by political parties? No
Is there additional information? Yes

Single / Lower House

Chambre des Députés / Chamber of Deputies

Upper House

Sénat / Senate

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional information

While the Constitution recognized the general principle of a minimum 30% quota for women at all levels, the implementing legislation is necessary to translate this general provision into practical electoral and other mechanisms. Currently, no legislation relating to elections or political parties provides for such a mechanism.

The Union of Social Democrats of Haiti (Parti fusion des sociaux-démocrates haïtiens) has a 25% quota for women, but has not been represented in Parliament since the 2006 elections.

"Haiti is simultaneously facing a political crisis and a humanitarian one. Haitian president Jovenal Moïse was assassinated on 7 July 2021 by a group of mercenaries, destabilizing an already precarious political situation and plunging the country’s future into uncertainty" (UN Women).

Haiti has been experiencing political challenges such as civil protests, gang violence, the assassination of the former President Moïse in 2021 and the government’s failure to organise legislative elections. The political challenges of the country have deepened since the last 10 remaining senators left office as their terms expired on 10 January 2023. This left the country without a single democratically elected government official. Since Haiti has no functioning parliament, the legislated candidate quotas stipulated in the Constitution cannot be implemented/are not applicable.


Legal Sources:

  • Constitution of Haiti - Link
  • Election Law - Link
  • Political Parties Law - Link

Other Sources:

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