Gender Quotas Database

See data for special areas Taiwan and Kosovo



South America

Venezuela has a Unicameral parliament with legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 92 of 277 (33%) seats in the Asamblea Nacional / National Assembly are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of parliament Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas

For the Single / Lower house? Yes
For the Upper house? No
For the Sub-national level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas?

Adopted by political parties? No
Is there additional information? Yes

Single / Lower House

Asamblea Nacional / National Assembly

Quota at the Sub-National Level

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional information

In 1997 a 30% quota law was adopted for both the Chamber of Deputies and the Senate. The quota applied only to the 'closed lists' and not to constituency elections. It did not specify where women should be placed on the list. The law only applied to the 1998 election, and women's representation increased from 6 to 12 percent. In 2000 the law was declared unconstitutional, and in the next election women's representation dropped to 9.7%.

In April 2004 the National Electoral Board (Consejo Nacional Electoral) passed a resolution to increase women's opportunity to actively participate in politics. The electoral gazette (2005) of the Republic of Venezuela recommends the parties to ensure female representation on the electoral lists at all levels. Furthermore, the EMB has the right to ensure that this recommendation is followed by the parties and will publicly publish the list of parties not fulfilling the recommendation.



  • Venezuela (Bolivarian Republic of) 1999 (rev. 2009) - Spanish/ English 
  • Organic Law of Electoral Processes - Link
  • Organic Law of Electoral Power - Link
  • Law on Political Parties, Public Meetings and Demonstrations - Link
  • Organic Law of Suffrage and Political Participation - Link
  • Proycto Composición Paritaria y Alterna para garantizar los derechos de participación política en las Elecciones a la Asamblea Nacional 2020 - Link 
  • Electoral Council Resolution (2020) - Link
  • Special regulation to guarantee the rights of political participation on an equal basis in the elections of deputies and deputies to the National Assembly 2015 - Resolución Nº 150625-147 - Link
  • Electoral authority - national electoral council resolution 080721-658 (2008) - Link
  • Reglamento general de la ley orgánica de procesos electorales - Link
  • Instructions on equal and alternate nominations of both sexes for the 2021 Regional and Municipal Elections - Link
  • National Assembly - LInk
  • Electoral Council - Link



Additional reading

  • See the latest updates on Venezuela on iKNOW Politics
  • AS/COA, 2015, Explainer: All about Venezuela's Upcoming Elections and New Gender Quota, Link
  • Htun, M. N. & Jones, M. P., 2002. ‘Engendering the Right to Participate in Decision-Making: Electoral Quotas and Women's Leadership in Latin America.’ Nikki Craske and Maxine Molyneux(ed.) Gender and the Politics of Rights and Democracy in Latin America. New York: Palgrave. pp. 32-56.
  • Htun, M. N. 2002. ‘Mujeres y poder político en Latinoamérica,’ in International IDEA, Mujeres en el Parlamento. Más allá de los números, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 19-44.
  • Peschard, J. 2002. ‘El sistema de cuotas en América Latina. Panorama general,’ in International IDEA. Mujeres en el Parlamento. Más allá de los números, Stockholm: International IDEA, pp. 173-186.
  • Jimenez Polanco, J. 2001. ‘La représentation politique des femmes en Amérique Latine: une analyse comparée’ (Women's political representation in Latin America: a comparative analysis). Bérengère Marques-Pereira and Patricio Nolasco (ed.) La représentation politique des femmes en Amérique Latine(Women's political representation in Latin America). Brussels: L'Harmattan. pp. 27-81.
  • Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas. 2001. Women and Power in the Americas: A Report Card. Washington: Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas.
  • Castillo, A. and Castañeda, N.1998. ‘Venezuela: Informe Nacional de Venezuela sobre participación política de las mujeres y su acceso a la toma de decisiones.’ Silvia Vega Ugalde (ed.) Acceso de las mujeres a la toma de decisiones en los países andinos. Quito: Coalición Política de Mujeres Andinas. pp. 49-77.
  • Htun, M. N. 1998. Women's Political Participation, Representation and Leadership in Latin America. Issue Brief, Women's Leadership Conference of the Americas.
  • Gutierrez, E. 1997. ‘Women-Latam: Andean Women Flex Their Political Muscle.’ Interpress Service, September 23.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997b. Towards Partnership Between Men and Women in Politics. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Venezuela Parliament website,

Explore more resources: Americas | Global

Know about useful additional reading for Venezuela? Tell us!

Submit feedback

Submit questions or comments about the Data or Tool

How did you find out about this? What do you like about it? What did you expect but did not find in using the Data or Tool?

To see how we handle your personal data, please read our Privacy Policy.

Close tooltip