Gender Quotas Database

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Eastern Africa

Uganda has a Unicameral parliament with the use of voluntary party quotas and legislated quotas for the single/lower house and at the sub-national level. 189 of 557 (34%) seats in the Parliament are held by women.

At a glance

Structure of parliament Unicameral

Are there legislated quotas

For the Single / Lower house? Yes
For the Upper house? No
For the Sub-national level? Yes

Are there voluntary quotas?

Adopted by political parties? Yes
Is there additional information? Yes

Single / Lower House


Quota at the Sub-National Level

Voluntary Political Party Quotas*

* Only political parties represented in parliament are included. When a country has legislated quotas in place, only political parties that have voluntary quotas that exceed the percentage/number of the national quota legislation are presented in this table.

Additional information

In the 2011 election, 131 seats were won by women, including 11 elected through constituency representatives, 112 district women representatives; two youth representatives; two representatives of disabled persons; two workers’ representatives; and two representatives of the Uganda People's Defense Forces.

In the 2006 election, 99 seats were won by women, including 14 constituency representatives; 79 district women representatives (one district seat remained vacant); one youth representative; one representative of disabled persons; two workers’ representatives; and two representatives of the Uganda People's Defense Forces.

Prior to 2006, women contesting district representative seats reserved for women were not directly elected but were elected by an electoral college which was often male dominated.


Legal Sources:

  • Constitution of the Republic of Uganda (amended through 2018) - Link
  • Parliamentary Elections Act 17/2005 (amended through 2020) - Link
  • Political Parties Act 2005 (amended through 2010, 2020) - Link
  • Local Government Act (1997) - Link

Other Sources:

  • Parliament of Uganda - Link
  • Electoral Commission - Link

Additional reading

  • See the latest updates on Uganda on iKNOW Politics
  • Wang, V., & Yoon, M. 2018. Recruitment mechanisms for reserved seats for women in parliament and switches to non-quota seats: A comparative study of Tanzania and Uganda. The Journal of Modern African Studies, 56(2), 299-324
  • Clayton, A., Josefsson, C. & Wang, V. 2016, Quotas and Women’s Substantive Representation: Evidence from a Content Analysis of Ugandan Plenary Debates, Politics & Gender, Quotas and Women’s Substantive Representation
  • Longwe, S. H. 2000. ‘Towards Realistic Strategies for Women's Political Empowerment in Africa’, in Women and Leadership, Caroline Sweetman (ed.). Oxford: Oxfam. pp. 24-30.
  • Tamale, S. 2000. ‘”Point of order, Mr Speaker”: African women claiming their space in parliament’, in Caroline Sweetman (ed.) Women and Leadership, Oxford: Oxfam. pp. 24-30.
  • Tripp, A.M. 2000. Women & Politics in Uganda, Madison: University of Wisconsin Press; Oxford: James Currey and Kampala: Fountain Publishers.
  • Butegwa, F. 1999. ‘Building Women's Capacity to Participate in Governance’, paper presented at the Capacity Building North and South Links and Lessons Conference, July 1-3.
  • Tamale, S. 1999. When Hens Begin to Crow: Gender and Parliamentary Politics in Uganda. Boulder: Westview Press.
  • Inter-Parliamentary Union. 1997. Democracy Still in the Making: A World Comparative Study. Geneva: Inter-Parliamentary Union.
  • Kabebari-Macharia, J. 1997. ‘Asserting the Right to Political Decision-making’, GENDEReview – Kenya's Women and Development Quarterly. 4. no. 1: 13-14.
  • Kalebbo, G. D. 1996. ‘How to Make it to Parliament’, Women's Vision, April 30.
  • Uganda Parliament website,

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