Tanzania, United Republic of

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment

    The Election Expenses Act 2010 makes reference to political parties and the attendant restrictions. It does not explicitly talk about restrictions to candidates. 

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    The law states that funds and other resources of political parties which have been fully registered shall derive from donations, bequests and grants form any other source.

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment

    The Election Expenses Act 2010 makes reference to political parties and the attendant restrictions. It does not explicitly talk about restrictions to candidates.

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    The law states that funds and other resources of political parties which have been fully registered shall derive from donations, bequests and grants form any other source.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2017

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Section 11 of the Election Expenses Act 2010 states that a palitical party may, for the purposes of financing election expenses, appeal for and receive voluntary
    donations from any individual or organisation, in and outside the United Republic, provided that the source of every donation, exceeding shillings one million for an individual donor and shillings two million for an organization shall, within thirty days of its receipt, be disclosed to the Registrar by the Board of Trustees of the political party concerned. It further states that for the purpose of voluntary donations, a candidate may receive or accept donation for election expenses from an person or organization.

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    To the extent that the Elections Expenses Act requires political parties to keep records of names and postal, physical and electronic addresses of donors for purposes of financial accountability, it is prohibited (Section 19(2))

  • Source

    Elections Expenses Act 2010

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    To the extent that the Elections Expenses Act requires political parties to keep records of names and postal, physical and electronic addresses of donors for purposes of financial accountability, it is prohibited (Section 19(2))

  • Source

    Elections Expenses Act 2010

9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Public print media is banned from discriminating any candidate.

  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment

    Section 54(2) of the Political Parties Act 2017 states that no person or organisation shall, in any one year contribute to a political party an amount, whether in cash or in kind exceeding thirty percent of the annual total expenditure of the political party.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2017

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    Not exceeding thirty percent of the annual total expenditure of the political party

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2017

16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeYes, specific limit for candidates
  • Comment

    To be determined by the Minister and wil depend, on among, others:

    (i) the difference in the size of electoral constituency;
    (ii) categories of candidates;
    (iii) population of people; and
    (iv) communication infrastructure;

  • Source

    Elections Expenses Act 2010

21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Section 54(2) of the Political Parties Act 2017 states that no person or organisation shall, in any one year contribute to a political party an amount, whether in cash or in kind exceeding thirty percent of the annual total expenditure of the political party.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2017

22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    One of th sources of funding to political parties as articulated in section 54(1) of the Political Parties Act 2017 are the proceeds of any investment, project or undertaking in which the party has an interest

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2017

24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, regularly
  • Comment

    Section 54(1) of the Political Parties Act 2017 states that the funds and other resources of political parties which have been fully registered shall derive from:

    (a) membership fees;
    (b) voluntary contributions;
    (c) the proceeds of any investment, project or undertaking in which the
    party has an interest;
    (d) subvention from the Government;

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2017

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment

    The law does not explicitly state the criteria for allocating the fund

  • Source
30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment

    The law is not clear on calculation

  • Source
31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeOngoing party activities | Intra-party institution
  • Comment

    Section 60(1) of the Political Parties Act 2017 states that subventions granted to a party may be spent only on
    (a) the parliamentary activities of a party;
    (b) promoting the representation in Parliament and in the local council of women, persons with disabilities, youth and ethnic;
    (c) recruiting members and promoting active participation by individual citizens in party activities;
    (d) activities for gaining the political party’s influence to a political agenda;
    (e) the organisation by the political party of civic education in democracy and other electoral processes;
    (e) any lawful activity relating to an election in which a party nominates a candidate;
    (f) administrative and staff expenses of the political party which shall not be more than thirty percent of the moneys allocated to the political party;
    (g) any other necessary or reasonable requirement of a party.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2017

32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeOther
  • Comment

    This provision is captured in section 28 of the Elections Expenses Act 2010 and relates only to the Presidential candidates. it says that the candidate for the Office of the President in an election shall have the right to utilize the Government broadcasting service and television during the election campaign, in accordance with the provisions of the National Elections Act.

  • Source

    Elections Expenses Act 2010

34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Election Expenses Act 2010 states that during the nomination process, election campaign or election, an act of prohibited practice shall be committed by every person who directly or indirectly, by himself, his agent or by his political party on his behalf, gives or procures or agrees to give or to procure or to endeavor to procure, any office, place or employment, to or for any voter, or to or for any person on behalf of any voter, or to or for any other person, in order to induce such voter to vote or to refrain from voting, or corruptly does any such act, on account of such voter having voted or refrained from voting at any election.

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Section 10(1) of the Election Expenses Act states that For the purpose of implementation of section 9 and this section, the Minister shall, by an order in the Gazette

    (a) prescribe the maximum amount of election expenses depending on -
    (i) the difference in the size of electoral constituency;
    (ii) categories of candidates;
    (iii) population of people; and
    (iv) communication infrastructure;
    (b) vary the amount of election expenses to be used by political parties during election campaigns.

  • Source
40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit determined by the 'Minister responsible for political parties'
  • Comment
  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Depending on:

    (i) the difference in the size of electoral constituency;
    (ii) categories of candidates;
    (iii) population of people; and
    (iv) communication infrastructure;
    (b) vary the amount of election expenses to be used by political parties during election campaigns.

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment

    The law is silent on third parties

  • Source
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Section 61(2) of the Political Parties Act 2017 provides that every political party shall submit to the Controller and Auditor General Purpose Financial Statements of its accounts not later than thirtieth September of each calendar year.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2017

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The law states that Where the political party fails to file the financial report and the audited report as required by this Act, that political party shall, in addition to payment of default fme of shillings three million and the requirement to file financial report at any later time, be disqualified to contest in any election including the
    next General Elections unless that political party files such financial report and the audited report to the satisfaction of the Registrar before the next nomination day.

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Any candidate who receives funds as election expenses shall, within sixty days from the polling day, prepare and submit a verified report to the political party which sponsored that candidate in the election.

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Although candidates and/or political parties are required to submit reports on their expenditures, it is not a requirement under the law that the Registrar or Accountant General can make the reports public.

  • Source
52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Section 19(1) of the Election Expenses Act 2010 states that for the purposes of financial accountability under this Act, it shall be the duty of every candidate, and each political party, Non-Governmental Organization, Faith Based Organization and Community Based Organization which participated in activities referred to in subsection (3) of section 13 of this Act to keep records of:

    (a) funds received for election expenses indicating the amount and the nature of funds received;
    (b) names and postal, physical and electronic addresses of donors;
    (c) funds anticipated to be received and their sources;
    (d) funds expended for nomination, election campaigns and election; and
    (e) funds expended by candidates as nomination and election expenses.

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Section 19(1) of the Election Expenses Act 2010 states that for the purposes of financial accountability under this Act, it shall be the duty of every candidate, and each political party, Non-Governmental Organization, Faith Based Organization and Community Based Organization which participated in activities referred to in subsection (3) of section 13 of this Act to keep records of:

    (a) funds received for election expenses indicating the amount and the nature of funds received;
    (b) names and postal, physical and electronic addresses of donors;
    (c) funds anticipated to be received and their sources;
    (d) funds expended for nomination, election campaigns and election; and
    (e) funds expended by candidates as nomination and election expenses.

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Section 19(1) of the Election Expenses Act 2010 states that for the purposes of financial accountability under this Act, it shall be the duty of every candidate, and each political party, Non-Governmental Organization, Faith Based Organization and Community Based Organization which participated in activities referred to in subsection (3) of section 13 of this Act to keep records of:

    (a) funds received for election expenses indicating the amount and the nature of funds received;
    (b) names and postal, physical and electronic addresses of donors;
    (c) funds anticipated to be received and their sources;
    (d) funds expended for nomination, election campaigns and election; and
    (e) funds expended by candidates as nomination and election expenses.

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeSpecial agency for political finance | Auditing agency
  • Comment
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeAuditing agency | Special agency for political finance
  • Comment
  • Source
57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeRefer for investigation | Carry out investigation | Request additional information from potential violator | Impose sanctions
  • Comment
  • Source
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeLoss of public funding | Deregistration of party | Loss of political rights
  • Comment

    A political party which, and every candidate who is required under the provisions of this Act to disclose the amount and sources of funds intended to be used as election expenses fails to disclose such funds, shall, in the absence of any reasonable explanation, render itself or himself liable for disqualification from participating in the election.

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

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