Tanzania, United Republic of

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentBan on donations from foreign interests to political parties does not apply so long as the party discloses to the registrar information relating to funds or other resources obtained by the party.

    Ban does apply to foreign funding for election expenses.
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Section 11(1) of the Election Expenses Act 2010 states that "A political party may, for the purposes of fmancing election expenses, appeal for and receive voluntary donations from any individual or organisation, in and outside the United Republic, provided that the source of every donation, exceeding shillings one million for an individual donor and shillings two million for an organization shall, within thirty days of its receipt, be disclosed to the Registrar by the Board of Trustees of the political party concerned."

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Section 11 of the Election Expenses Act 2010 states that a palitical party may, for the purposes of financing election expenses, appeal for and receive voluntary
    donations from any individual or organisation, in and outside the United Republic, provided that the source of every donation, exceeding shillings one million for an individual donor and shillings two million for an organization shall, within thirty days of its receipt, be disclosed to the Registrar by the Board of Trustees of the political party concerned. It further states that for the purpose of voluntary donations, a candidate may receive or accept donation for election expenses from an person or organization.

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Section 54 of the Political Parties Act 2017 states that the funds and other resources of political parties which have been fully registered shall derive from-
    (a) membership fees;
    (b) voluntary contributions

    (c) the proceeds of any investment, project or undertaking in which the party has an interest;
    (d) subvention from the Government;

    (e) donations, bequests and grants form any other source.

  • Source
6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Section 11(1) of the Election Expenses Act 2010 states that "A political party may, for the purposes of fmancing election expenses, appeal for and receive voluntary donations from any individual or organisation, in and outside the United Republic, provided that the source of every donation, exceeding shillings one million for an individual donor and shillings two million for an organization shall, within thirty days of its receipt, be disclosed to the Registrar by the Board of Trustees of the political party concerned."

  • Source
7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentNo direct ban, but de facto ban through requirement to record or report identity of donors.
  • Source
8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentNo direct ban, but de facto ban through requirement to record or report identity of donor.
  • Source
9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPublic print media is banned from discriminating any candidate.  
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment

    The Political parties Act 2017 (section 54(2) stipulates that no person or organisation shall, in any one year contribute to a political party an amount, whether in cash or in kind exceeding thirty percent of the annual total expenditure of the political party. The total expenditure referred to here shall be in relation to the audited accounts of the political party of previous year.

  • Source
15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    The Political Parties Act 2017 (section 54(2) stipulates that no person or organisation shall, in any one year contribute to a political party an amount, whether in cash or in kind exceeding thirty percent of the annual total expenditure of the political party. The total expenditure referred to here shall be in relation to the audited accounts of the political party of previous year.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2017

16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Section 10(1) of the Election Expenses Act states that  the Minister shall, by an order in the Gazette prescribe the maximum amount of election expenses depending on:

     (i) the difference in the size of electoral constituency;
    (ii) categories of candidates;
    (iii) population of people; and
    (iv) communication infrastructure;
    (b) vary the amount of election expenses to be used by political parties during election campaigns.

  • Source
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
  • Source
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body
  • CommentFunding is only available to political parties that, in the immediately preceding general or local government election, have had any of their candidates elected to be a Member of Parliament or member of a local government authority.?
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeProportional to votes received | Proportional to seats received
  • CommentFunding is allocated 50% proportionally to seats and 50% proportionally to votes gained. Funding is also available in proportion to the number of district or urban council seats won by a political party.
  • Source
31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentThere is a list of allowed uses of the public funds, but the list includes 'any other necessary or reasonable requirement of a party'.
  • Source
32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeOther
  • CommentDetermined by the EMB after consultation.
  • Source
34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPresidential candidates
  • Source
35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Election Expenses Act 2010 (Section 10) stipulates that the Minister shall, by an order in the Gazette, prescribe the maximum amount of election expenses depending on -
    (i) the difference in the size of electoral constituency;
    (ii) categories of candidates;
    (iii) population of people; and
    (iv) communication infrastructure;

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Determined by the 'Minister responsible for political parties'
  • Comment
  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAnnually
  • Source
48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentWithin 60 days from the polling day, candidates must report to the party sponsoring them. It is unclear whether this report then needs to be forwarded to the authorities.
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment

    The law is not explicit on the role of thrid parties in elections

  • Source
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    The registrar of parties shall however publish an annual report 'on the audited accounts of every party'.

  • Source

    Election Expenses Act 2010

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeSpecial agency for political finance
  • CommentRegistrar of Political Parties
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeAuditing agency
  • CommentThe audit is specific for the Election Expenses
  • Source
57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Forfeiture | Loss of public funding | Loss of nomination of candidate
  • CommentFailure to disclose the amount and source of income may be disqualify candidate or party from election. 
  • Source

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.