Austria

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Donations from foreign natural or legal persons must not exceed 2,500 Euro.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 3.

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Donations from foreign natural or legal persons must not exceed 2,500 Euro.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 3.

3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Donations from natural or legal persons must not exceed 2,500 Euro.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 3.

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Donations from natural or legal persons must not exceed 2,500 Euro.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 3.

5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes, above certain threshold
  • Comment

    Anonymous donations may not exceed 1,000 Euro. Parties must disclose the identity of donors that are subsidizing the party for more than 3,500 Euro per annum.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 3.

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes, above certain threshold
  • Comment

    Anonymous up to 1,000 Euro.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 3.

9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Political parties shall not accept donations from undertakings and institutions in which the public sector holds a share of at least 25%.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 3.

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Political parties shall not accept donations from undertakings and institutions in which the public sector holds a share of at least 25%. The same rule shall be applied mutatis mutandis to all branches of a party, to members of parliament and candidates who stood for elections on a list of candidates submitted by a political party.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 3.

13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 3.

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, regularly
  • Comment

    After deduction of the subsidies pursuant to subpara 1, the remaining funds shall be distributed among the political parties represented in the National Council pro rata to the votes cast for them in the last National Council election.‌ (3) Political parties not represented in the National Council but which received more than 1% of the valid votes in an election for the National Council shall be entitled to subsidies for their activities for the election year.‌ Such political parties shall receive an amount of 2.‌5 euros per vote cast for them in a National Council election; such subsidies shall be paid within six months following the National Council election.‌

  • Source

    Federal Act on Federal Support of Political Parties (Support of Political Parties Act, 2012, amended 2013, Article 1.

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body | Share of votes in previous election
  • Comment

    Parties that have obtained at least 1% of the votes are eligible for public funding. Additional funding for parties that are represented in the National Council.

  • Source

    Federal Act on Federal Support of Political Parties (Support of Political Parties Act) 2012, amended 2013, Article 1.

30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeProportional to votes received | Proportional to seats received
  • Comment

    Non-parliamentary parties receive 2.5 Euro for each vote won. For parliamentary parties, the total funding (4.6 Euro per eligible voter) is divided proportionally by votes won after deduction of 218,000 Euro for each party with at least five parliamentary seats. 218,000 Euro is given equally to each party with at least five parliamentary seats as a flat rate contribution.

  • Source

    Federal Act on Federal Support of Political Parties (Support of Political Parties Act) 2012, amended 2013, Article 1.

31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Vote buying and selling is punishable with imprisonment of up to 1 year.

  • Source

    StGB Bestechung bei einer Wahl oder Volksabstimmung [Penal Code bribery in an election or referendum], amended 2015, Article 265.

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    7 million euros per party. If the same list of candidates is supported by two or more political parties, the maximum amount shall apply to the aggregated expenses of those parties.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 2.

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code 7 mil. Euro
  • Comment
  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 2.

41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The total campaign expenditure limit of political parties is 7 million Euro. In this, all individual candidates' campaign expenditures are included, which means that the theoretical spending limit of a candidate is 7 million Euro. If, however, a candidate spends 15,000 Euro or less, this will not count toward the party's limit.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 2.

42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code 7 mil. Euro
  • Comment
  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 2.

43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Every political party shall annually render public account of the type of its income and expenses by way of a statement of accounts.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 3.

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    If the Court of Audit determines that the statement of accounts meets the requirements (§ 5), the statement of accounts including the lists of donations, sponsorships and advertisements, and the list of undertakings in which shares are held as referred to in § 5 para 6, and the volume of the legal transactions entered into by such undertakings with institutions subject to the supervision of the Court of Audit in the reporting year shall be published, separated according to the individual parties and undertakings, on the website of the Court of Audit and the website of the political party.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 4.

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeSometimes
  • Comment

    Identity of donors giving more than 3,500 Euro in a calendar year must be identified with name and address. Donations exceeding 50,000 Euro must be immediately reported and published, including name and address of donor.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 3.

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeAuditing agency
  • Comment

    The Court of Audit receives reports from political parties. These reports contain parties' consolidated financial statements, which put together financial reports from both the federal level and the sub-federal levels of the party.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 3.

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeAuditing agency
  • Comment

    The statement of accounts to be prepared by a political party shall also be subject to the supervision of the Court of Audit.‌

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 3.

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeRequest additional information from potential violator
  • Comment

    The Court of Audit shall verify the numerical correctness of the statement of accounts and its conformity with this Federal Act.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 4.

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Forfeiture
  • Comment

    Fines of up to 20,000 Euro and forfeiture of prohibited donations.

  • Source

    Political Parties Act 2012, amended 2013, Section 4.

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