Nigeria

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentInfractions of ban means a financial penalty of not less than N 500,000 [I$ 6,900]
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2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Ban applies to amounts exceeding 1,000,000 Naira [I$ 14,000].

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5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentThe 'state apparatus' including public media must treat all political parties and candidates equally.
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14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentThe EMB can set such a limit, but has not done so as of late 2011.
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15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentThe EMB can set such a limit, but has not done so as of late 2011.
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17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is 1 million Naira [I$ 14,000] per candidate
  • Comment
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20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeNo public funding available
  • CommentAbolished in 2010
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29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment
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34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentAlthough the Electoral Law establishes a sanction for exceeding the party spending limit, it does not actually set such a limit
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40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Between one million [I$ 14,000] and one billion naira [I$ 14,000,000] per candidate depending on the type of election.
  • Comment
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43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAnnually
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48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB
  • CommentIndependent National Electoral Commission
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeEMB
  • Comment

    The EMB (INEC) has a right to examine the records and audited accounts kept by political parties, though there are no requirements for it to actually do so.

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57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Forfeiture
  • CommentFines are used for a series of violations. Funds received from abroad must be forfeited. Knowingly contributing or spending above the limit; falsifying accounting records or engaging in vote buying can lead to imprisonment.
  • Source

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.