Moldova, Republic of

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentDirect or/and indirect funding or material support of any kind for the electoral campaign of candidates in an election and of electoral contestants by foreign countries, foreign, international or joint enterprises, institutions, organisations, as well as by individuals who are not citizens of the Republic of Moldova is prohibited. Donations with funds not accumulated on Moldovan territory is prohibited.
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2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentDirect or indirect support for the electoral campaign of candidates by foreign interest is prohibited. The ban cannot however 'be interpreted and enforced to limit funding allocated to support efforts to promote democratic values, international standards for free and fair elections'.
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3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Ban only applies to juridical persons donations exceeding the amount of 1,000 average monthly salaries in the national economy, established for the respective year.

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4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentIt is not prohibited, because the Electoral Code contains provisions on donations from legal persons to electoral contestants.
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5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
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6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
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7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
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8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
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9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeNo data
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14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for both natural and legal persons
  • Comment
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    Article 26: "(2) Annual revenues of a party, deriving from donations, shall not exceed the equivalent of 0,1 % of the revenues set out in the state budget for the respective year. (3) A natural person can make donations to one or more political parties. Donations made by a natural person to one or more political parties during a budgetary year shall not exceed the amount of 500 average monthly salaries in national economy, established for the respective year. If a person is the member of the political party, annual party member’s dues paid by him/her are included in the mentioned sum. (4) A juridical person can not donate during one budget year, to one or more political parties sums which exceed the amount of 1000 average monthly salaries in national economy, established for the respective year." (Source: Law on Political Parties, 2007)

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code The limit is 500 times the monthly average national wage (natural person); 1,000 times (legal person).
  • Comment

    The limit is 200 times the montly average national wage for a natural person; for a juridical person the limit is 400 times the monthly average national wage; and there is a total limit for donations made to a party: 0,3% of the total public financial support.


    Note: If a person is the member of the political party, annual party member’s dues paid by him/her are included in the mentioned sum.

  • SourceArt. 26 from LP nr. 294 date 21.12.2007, modificate by LP nr. 36 at 9.04.2015,  
16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
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18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code Legal entities: 400 average monthly salaries. Individuals: 200 average monthly salaries.
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20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, both regularly and in relation to campaigns
  • CommentAnnually provided funding an in relation to campaigns. For campaigns, political parties receive interest free loans that are cleared off after elections if they receive at least 3% of votes.
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29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeShare of votes in previous election | Share of votes in next election | Share of seats in previous election
  • CommentProportional to votes received, seats in parliament and 3% threshold (for campaign funding)
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeProportional to votes received | Flat rate by votes received | Proportional to seats received
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeCampaign spending | Ongoing party activities | Intra-party institution
  • CommentHeadquarters maintenance, expenditures for personnel, media and advertising material, trips in country or abroad, telecommunications, organizing activities with political character, receiving delegations from abroad, membership fees for international organizations, corporate and real estate investment, protocol, stationery and elections.
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32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Electoral contestants shall have equal access to mass media, including radio and TV, financed by the state budget.

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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment
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34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentPublic broadcasters allocate freeairtime to candidates.
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35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentParties receive tax benefits, space for campaining. Political parties can also receive interest-free loans from the government.
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36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The Law on Political Parties include provisions for regular public funding, but this section will not come into effect until 2013.

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37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentThere are no provisions for financial advantages to encourage gender equality.
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Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentElectoral contestants may not offer voters money or gifts or distribute goods free of charge, including humanitarian aid or other charity.
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39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentThe limit is set by the Central Election Commission for each election.
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40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit set by the EMB for each election
  • CommentThe Central Election Commission can establish the ceiling of the funds to be wired to the electoral accounts.
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41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentSet by the EMB for each election
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42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Set by the EMB for each election
  • CommentThe Central Election Commission can establish the limit of the funds wired to the electoral accounts.
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43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAnnually
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48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentReports should be submitted every two weeks.
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49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentThe electoral contestants (for the exact definition see the Electoral Code) have to report bi-weekly.
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentThe reports shall be placed on the web page of the Central Electoral Commission within 48 hours
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52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeSometimes
  • CommentOnly in relation to elections.
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53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB
  • CommentThe CentralElection Commission collects and systematizes annual financial reports of political parties, reports on politicalparties? audits, and also reports on financing of electoral campaigns submittedby electoral contestants
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56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeEMB
  • CommentIt is the responsibility of the Central Election Commission (CEC) to oversee compliance with the political finance laws and impose sanctions for violations. The CEC also reviews complains regarding violations.
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57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeForfeiture | Loss of public funding | Deregistration of party | Loss of nomination of candidate | Other
  • Comment

    Fines for many violations, or ?the political party can loose the right for public funding.

    The Chisinau Court of Appeal decides on deregistration of candidates upon request by the EMB. The Supreme Court of Justice can annul the registration of a party as an electoral competitor.


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