Croatia

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • Optional referendum
  • Citizens' initiative
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • Optional referendum
  • Citizens' initiative
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Specific laws/legislation
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • Independent electoral commission
First referendum/initiative held
  • 1991
Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
  • Yes

Question Value
Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
  • Adoption of international treaties
Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
  • Any issue of national importance
Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
  • None
Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
  • Devolution
  • Creation/merger/abolition of sub-national territories
  • Public policy issues
Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
  • President
  • Legislative majority
  • Registered electors
Who drafts the referendum question?
  • Mandatory referendum - Independent electoral commission
  • Optional referendum - Independent electoral commission
  • Optional referendum - Registered electors
Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
  • Mandatory referendum - Independent electoral commission
  • Optional referendum - Independent electoral commission
Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
  • No quorum requirements
Requirements for a referendum to pass
  • Mandatory referendum - simple majority
  • Optional referendum - simple majority
Are referendum results binding?
  • Mandatory referendum - always
  • Optional referendum - always

Question Value
Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
  • Citizens' initiatives - constitutional amendments
  • Citizens' initiatives - legislative proposals
Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
  • None
Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
  • Citizens' initiative - registered committee
Materials to accompany an application for registration
  • Clearly formulated question
Who determines the title of an initiative?
  • Citizens' initiative - proponents of the initiative
What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
  • Not specified by legislation
Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
  • Independent electoral commission
At which stage legality check is conducted?
  • Not specified by legislation
Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
  • Agency which administers direct democracy mechanisms
When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
  • Within a certain time limit

Question Value
Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
    What are the grounds for recall?
      What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
        When is the recall put to the vote?
          When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
            Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?

              Question Value
              How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
              • Referendum - proportion of the electorate
              • Citizens' Initiative - proportion of the electorate
              What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
              • Referendum - fixed time period
              • Citizens' Initiative - fixed time period
              Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
              • Referendum - signatories must be registered
              • Citizens' Initiative - signatories must be registered
              Where can proposals be signed?
              • At specified places
              What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
              • Identity or voting card number
              Restrictions in relation to signature collection
              • Not specified by legislation
              What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
                Who checks the signatures?