Electoral Management Design Database

Costa Rica

Costa Rica


Model of electoral management



Constitution 1949 (last amended in 2011), accessed 3 February 2022

ARTICLE 9. The Government of the Republic is popular, representative, participative, alternative and responsible. It is exercised by the People and three Powers distinct and independent between themselves. The Legislative, the Executive and the Judicial.

None of the Powers may delegate the exercise of the functions specific to them.

A Supreme Tribunal of Elections, with the rank and independence of the Powers of the State, has as its responsibility[,] in an exclusive and independent form[,] the organization, direction and supervision of the acts relative to the suffrage, as well as the other functions that this Constitution and the laws attribute to it.

Electoral Management Bodies

Add data
Name of EMB Number of EMB members Term of office EMB members selected by Chair appointed/elected by Party or expert based membership
Supreme Electoral Tribunal (Tribunal Supremo de Elecciones) 3 6 years Supreme Court of Justice EMB Expert
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