Electoral Management Design Database




Model of electoral management



Spain, Ley Orgánica 5/1985, de 19 de junio, del Régimen Electoral General [versión vigente desde 04/10/2022]; accessed 1 January 2024 [Artículo 9]

Spain, Early Parliamentary Elections, 23 July 2023, ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report; accessed 1 January 2024

“The elections are administered by a complex network of government, administrative and judicial institutions at various levels. The CEC is responsible for the implementation of election-related legislation, issues binding decisions to supplement or clarify the legislation, and supervises the lower level commissions and Electoral Census Office (ECO); the latter is in charge of maintaining the voter register and administering postal voting. Fifty Provincial Election Commissions (PECs), 303 District Election Commissions (DECs) and some 57,000 Electoral Boards administer the process at the local levels. The Ministry of Interior (MoI) together with the subordinate municipalities are in charge of the key aspects of the electoral process related to security and safety, operations and logistics, as well as voter education and training of polling staff. All ODIHR NAM interlocutors expressed a high level of trust in the integrity and impartiality of the election administration, including in the conduct of election day procedures.”

Electoral Management Bodies

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Name of EMB Number of EMB members Term of office EMB members selected by Chair appointed/elected by Party or expert based membership
Ministry of Interior Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable Not applicable
Central Election Commission (Junta Electoral Central) 13 4 years General Council of the Judiciary, joint proposal of political parties, federations, coalitions or electors' groups represented in the Congress of Deputies EMB Expert
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