Denmark

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Parties and candidates can be financed from membership fees and donations from both private persons and legale entities.

  • Source

    OSCE-ODIHR (2019), Needs Assessment Mission Report on Denmark's General Elections, p.7

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Parties and candidates can be financed from membership fees and donations from both private persons and legale entities.

  • Source

    OSCE-ODIHR (2019), Needs Assessment Mission Report on Denmark's General Elections, p.7

5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Employers' associations, trade unions and other trade associations established to represent the financial interests of the members' profession are required to ensure that contributions to political parties or for party-political purposes in general collected together with membership fees are voluntary contributions from the individual member.

    Members wishing to be exempt from paying contributions to political parties or from making payments for party-political purposes in general together with their membership fees must make a written declaration to this effect.

  • Source

    Act on Private Contributions to Political parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties (Annual Accounts of Political Parties Consolidation Act) (2019), Articles 1 & 2(1)

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Employers' associations, trade unions and other trade associations established to represent the financial interests of the members' profession are required to ensure that contributions to political parties or for party-political purposes in general collected together with membership fees are voluntary contributions from the individual member.

    Members wishing to be exempt from paying contributions to political parties or from making payments for party-political purposes in general together with their membership fees must make a written declaration to this effect.

  • Source

    Act on Private Contributions to Political parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties (Annual Accounts of Political Parties Consolidation Act) (2019), Articles 1 & 2(1)

7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes, above certain threshold
  • Comment

    Political parties, including regional and local lists of cadidates, cannot receive anonymous donations of more than DKK 20,000 from each donor.

  • Source

    Act on Private Contributions to Political parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties (Annual Accounts of Political Parties Consolidation Act) (2019), Article 2a(1)

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes, above certain threshold
  • Comment

    Political parties, including regional and local lists of cadidates, cannot receive anonymous donations of more than DKK 20,000 from each donor.

  • Source

    Act on Private Contributions to Political parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties (Annual Accounts of Political Parties Consolidation Act) (2019), Article 2a(1)

9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, regularly
  • Comment

    Public funding is allocated at the national, regional and local level for political parties and candidates participating in elections.

  • Source

    Political Parties Funding Consolidation Act (2017) - Articles 2, 3 & 4

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeShare of votes in previous election
  • Comment

    "National elections
    Article 2(3) No subsidied are granted to parties and independent candidates receiving less than 1,000 of the votes cast in the election.

    Regional elections
    Article 3(2) No subsidies are granted to lists of candidates receiving less than 500 of the votes cast in the election. Article 3(3) - Notwithstanding the provision of subsection (2), subsidies are granted to lists of candidates having formed an electoral alliance under the Local and Regional Government Elections Act (lov om kommunale og regionale valg) provided that the electoral alliance received at least 500 votes.

    Municipal elections

    Article 4(2) - No subsidies are granted to lists of candidates receiving less than 100 of the votes cast in the election (in the City of Copenhagen 500 of the votes cast). Article 4(3) - Notwithstanding the provision of subsection (2), subsidies are granted to lists of candidates having formed an electoral alliance under the Local and Regional Government Elections Act (lov om kommunale og regionale valg) provided that the electoral alliance received at least 100 of the votes cast (in the City of Copenhagen 500 of the votes cast)."

  • Source

    Political Parties Funding Consolidation Act (2017) - Articles 2(3), 3(2)(3), 4(2)(3)

30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeFlat rate by votes received
  • Comment

    "National elections
    Article 2 - (1) A party which participated in the most recently held general election shall be entitled to receive a grant in support of the party's political work in Denmark. The annual grant amounts to DKK 22.30 for each vote cast in favour of the party at the election, but see subsection (3). (3) No subsidies are granted to parties and independent candidates receiving less than 1,000 of the votes cast in the election.

    Regional elections
    Article 3 - (1) - Any list of candidates participating in the most recent regional election is entitled to receive subsidies for the political activities of the list in the region. The annual subsidy is DKK 2.50 for each vote cast for the list in the election, but see subsections (2) and (3). (2) - No subsidies are granted to lists of candidates receiving less than 500 of the votes cast in the election. (3) - Notwithstanding the provision of subsection (2), subsidies are granted to lists of candidates having formed an electoral alliance under the Local and Regional Government Elections Act (lov om kommunale og regionale valg) provided that the electoral alliance received at least 500 votes.

    Municipal elections
    Article 4 - (1) - Any list of candidates participating in the most recent local election is entitled to receive subsidies for the political activities of the list in the municipality. The annual subsidy is DKK 4 for each vote cast for the list in the election, but see subsections (2) and (3). (2) - No subsidies are granted to lists of candidates receiving less than 100 of the votes cast in the election (in the City of Copenhagen 500 of the votes cast). (3) - Notwithstanding the provision of subsection (2), subsidies are granted to lists of candidates having formed an electoral alliance under the Local and Regional Government Elections Act (lov om kommunale og regionale valg) provided that the electoral alliance received at least 100 of the votes cast (in the City of Copenhagen 500 of the votes cast).

    Annual adjustment
    Article 12a(1) - The amounts set out in section 2(1) and (2), section 3(1), and  section 4(1) will be adjusted each year on 1 January by 2.0 per cent with the addition or deduction of the salary change percentage for the relevant fiscal year as set out in the Rate Adjustment Percentage Act. The amounts must be rounded up to the closest amount divisible by DKK 0,25. (2) Adjustments are made on the basis of the amounts applicable at the adjustment date before rounding. (3) Each year, the Minister for Social Affairs and the Interior will issue an order specifying the adjustment to be made. "

  • Source

    Political Parties Funding Consolidation Act (2017) - Articles 2, 3, 4 & 12

31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Subsidies paid out under this Act must be spent on political activities in Denmark for the benefit of the subsidy's recipient organisation or members or for the benefit of other organisations within or outside the relevant area, or for the benefit of the electorate within the relevant area.

  • Source

    Political Parties Funding Consolidation Act (2017) - Article 1 (3)

32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    "The guidelines of the "Danish Radio and Television" (a national public service station) aim at ensuring that all registered political parties are given equal access to pre-election programmes on radio and television. All parties (no matter how small) are given equal time free of charge to present their manifestos etc. to the public."

  • Source

    OSCE-ODIHR (2019), Needs Assessment Mission Report on Denmark's General Elections, p.8

33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment

    "The guidelines of the "Danish Radio and Television" (a national public service station) aim at ensuring that all registered political parties are given equal access to pre-election programmes on radio and television. All parties (no matter how small) are given equal time free of charge to present their manifestos etc. to the public."

  • Source

    OSCE-ODIHR (2019), Needs Assessment Mission Report on Denmark's General Elections, p.8

34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Only to political parties

  • Source
35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    "Political parties are subject to taxation in respect of their business activities and are, in this respect, subject to the regulations of the Corporation Tax Act. Other types of funding of political parties, whether public or private, are exempt from taxation."

  • Source

    GRECO (2009) Evaluation Report on Denmark on Transparency of Party Funding (Theme II), 2009, p.7.

36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source

    Criminal Code (2021) - Articles 116 & 117

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeYes, for political parties | Yes, for candidates | Yes, for third parties
  • Comment

    Broadcasters operate under the Radio and Television Broadcasting Act, which does not provide for political advertisement or sponsorship of news and current affairs programmes. Advertising of ‘political messages’ on television is prohibited in the period between the announcement of elections and election day. In contrast to broadcast media, political advertisement in newspapers is permitted.

  • Source

    OSCE-ODIHR (2019), Needs Assessment Mission Report on Denmark's General Elections

45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    All media are regulated by the Media Liability Act, which establishes that the content and conduct of mass media shall be in conformity with sound press ethics. This provision is overseen by the Press Council. Internet platforms, including online versions of newspapers or broadcasters, are unregulated, although they can voluntarily register with the Council and become subject to the Media Liability Act.

  • Source

    OSCE-ODIHR (2019), Needs Assessment Mission Report on Denmark's General Elections

46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Parties participating in the most recent general election or European Parliamentary election must prepare annual accounts of the income and expenses of the national political party. Article 4(1) - Annual accounts must be presented once a year for the period from 1 January to 31 December.

  • Source

    Act on Private Contributions to Political parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties (Annual Accounts of Political Parties Consolidation Act) (2019), Article 3(1)

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The annual accounts must also include the information that any reportable subsidies to candidates standing in a general or regional election on behalf of the party must be reported to the Regional Council and that any reportable subsidies to candidates standing in a local election on behalf of the party must be reported to the Local Council.

    Annual accounts submitted in election years must also include information on election campaign expenses

  • Source

    Act on Private Contributions to Political parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties (Annual Accounts of Political Parties Consolidation Act) (2019), Article 3(4)

49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The annual accounts must also include the information that any reportable subsidies to candidates standing in a general or regional election on behalf of the party must be reported to the Regional Council and that any reportable subsidies to candidates standing in a local election on behalf of the party must be reported to the Local Council.

  • Source

    Act on Private Contributions to Political parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties (Annual Accounts of Political Parties Consolidation Act) (2019), Article 3(4)

50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The party management must submit a certified copy of the annual accounts to the Parliament within 12 months of the financial year-end, and Parliament must make the annual accounts available for inspection by the public.

  • Source

    Act on Private Contributions to Political parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties (Annual Accounts of Political Parties Consolidation Act) (2019), Article 5

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    If a party has received one or more donations from the same private donor exceeding a total of DKK 20,000 during any financial year as defined in section 4(1), the annual accounts must disclose the donor's name and address.

    However, the exact amounts of the donations can remain undisclosed.

  • Source

    Act on Private Contributions to Political parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties (Annual Accounts of Political Parties Consolidation Act) (2019), Article 3(2)

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The annual accounts must disclose the following types of income: i) public funding for political parties; ii) membership fees; iii) additional private donations from private individuals; iv) interest income; v) donations from international organisations, collective private associations, trade unions, trade organisations, enterprises, foundations, and associations.

  • Source

    Act on Private Contributions to Political parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties (Annual Accounts of Political Parties Consolidation Act) (2019), Article 3(1)

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeMinistry | Parliamentary unit
  • Comment

    Parliament and Ministry for the Interior and Social Welfare.

    The party management must submit a certified copy of the annual accounts to the Parliament within 12 months of the financial year-end, and Parliament must make the annual accounts available for inspection by the public.

    Subsidies  can be paid out on the conditions that the most recent annual accounts that the party is obliged to prepare under the Act on Private Contributions to Political Parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties have been submitted to the Minister for Social Affairs and the Interior and that the annual accounts disclose the information required under section 3 of the said Act. The annual accounts must be submitted before the end of the calendar year for which subsidies are requested.

  • Source

    Act on Private Contributions to Political parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties (Annual Accounts of Political Parties Consolidation Act) (2019), Articles 5 & 7b

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeNo institution specified
  • Comment

    The annual accounts must be audited by an auditor approved under the Act on Approved Auditors and Audit Firms (revisorloven).

  • Source

    Act on Private Contributions to Political parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties (Annual Accounts of Political Parties Consolidation Act) (2019), Article 4(3)

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    There is no specific authority in Denmark entrusted with monitoring the adherence to political financing rules by political parties, related entities or election candidates.

  • Source

    OSCE/ODIHR (2019) Denmark,  Early General Elections,5 June 2019 OSCE/ODIHR Needs Assessment Mission Report. OSCE/ODIHR, Warsaw.

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Loss of public funding
  • Comment

    There are sanctions in case political parties, their representatives or election candidates provide incorrect, incomplete or false information. As stipulated in Article 6a(1) and 6a(2), these include fines or imprisonment up to four months, and loss of public funding.

  • Source

    Act on Private Contributions to Political parties and the Publication of Annual Accounts of Political Parties (Annual Accounts of Political Parties Consolidation Act) (2019), Article 6a(1)(2).

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