Denmark

Change country

Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • Optional referendum
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • Optional referendum
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
  • Regulations
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Specific laws/legislation
  • Regulations
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • Government
First referendum/initiative held
  • 1916
Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
  • Yes

Question Value
Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
  • Constitutional amendments
  • Transfer of authority to international bodies
  • Altering the voting age
Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
  • Adoption of international treaties
  • Legislative bills
Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
  • Finance Bills;
  • Supplementary Appropriation Bills;
  • Provisional Appropriation Bills;
  • Government Loan Bills;
  • Civil Servants (Amendment) Bills;
  • Salaries and Pensions Bills;
  • Naturalization Bills;
  • Expropriation Bills;
  • Taxation (Direct and Indirect) Bills;
  • Bills introduced for the purpose of discharging existing treaty obligations
Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
  • Not specified by legislation
Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
  • Legislative majority
  • Legislative minority
Who drafts the referendum question?
  • Mandatory referendum - Government
  • Optional referendum - Government
Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
  • Mandatory referendum - Government
  • Optional referendum - Government
Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
  • Mandatory referendum - approval quorum
  • Optional referendum - approval quorum
Requirements for a referendum to pass
  • Mandatory referendum - simple majority
  • Optional referendum - simple majority
Are referendum results binding?
  • Mandatory referendum - always
  • Optional referendum - always

Question Value
Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
  • Agenda initiatives - legislative proposals
  • Agenda initiatives - other issues
Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
  • Constitutional amendments
  • (and some other exclusions, see the quote from the regulations)
Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
  • Agenda initiative - a number of individuals
Materials to accompany an application for registration
  • Proposed title
  • General explanation of the purpose
Who determines the title of an initiative?
  • Agenda initiative - proponents of the initiative
What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
  • Inconsistency with proposed content
  • Commercial statement
  • Discriminatory or inflammatory statements
  • Excessive length
  • Incomprehensibility
  • More than one subject area
  • (and many other circumstances, see the quote from the regulations)
Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
  • Legislature
At which stage legality check is conducted?
  • After its submission but before the registration of an initiative
Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
  • Not applicable
When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
  • Not applicable

Question Value
Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
    What are the grounds for recall?
      What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
        When is the recall put to the vote?
          When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
            Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?

              Question Value
              How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
              • Agenda Initiative - fixed number
              What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
              • Agenda Initiative - fixed time period
              Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
              • Agenda Initiative - signatories must be registered
              Where can proposals be signed?
              • Electronically
              What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
              • Identity or voting card number
              Restrictions in relation to signature collection
              • Requirement for signature collectors to be registered electors
              What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
              • All signatures are checked
              Who checks the signatures?
              • Legislature

              Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.