Denmark

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • No data
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • No data
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Specific laws/legislation
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • Government
First referendum/initiative held
  • 1916
Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
  • Yes

Question Value
Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
  • Constitutional amendments
  • Transfer of authority to international bodies
  • Altering the voting age
Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
  • Adoption of international treaties
  • Bills
Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
  • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
  • Naturalization Bills, Expropriation Bills, Bills introduced for the purpose of discharging existing treaty obligations
Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
  • Not specified
Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
  • Legislative majority
  • Legislative minority
Who drafts the referendum question?
  • Mandatory referendum - Government
  • Optional referendum - Government
Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
  • Mandatory referendum - Government
  • Optional referendum - Government
Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
  • Mandatory referendum - turnout quorum
  • Optional referendum - turnout quorum
Requirements for a referendum to pass
  • Mandatory referendum - simple majority
  • Optional referendum - simple majority
Are referendum results binding?
  • Mandatory referendum - always
  • Optional referendum - always
  • Only in the case of consultative referendums the results may not be binding.

Question Value
Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
    Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
      Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
        Materials to accompany an application for registration
          Who determines the title of an initiative?
            What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
              Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
                At which stage legality check is conducted?
                  Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
                    When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?

                      Question Value
                      Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
                        What are the grounds for recall?
                          What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
                            When is the recall put to the vote?
                              When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
                                Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?

                                  Question Value
                                  How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
                                    What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
                                      Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
                                        Where can proposals be signed?
                                          What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
                                            Restrictions in relation to signature collection
                                              What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
                                                Who checks the signatures?