France

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Year Election
type
Voting
method
First
year
Comments
2020
  • Presidential
  • Legislative
  • Referendums
  • European Parliamentary elections
  • Some seats in the Senate
  • Personal
  • Proxy
  • e-voting
1926 In 2020, France re-introduced internet voting for overseas voters. However, it will be used only for legislative and consular elections and also elections of French overseas advisers. Data has been updated in April 2022.
2017
  • Presidential
  • Legislative
  • Referendums
  • European Parliamentary elections
  • Some seats in the Senate
  • Personal
  • Proxy
1926 France abolished e-voting due to extremely high risk of cyber attack that could affect the conduct of elections. E-voting was used in France since 2012 but was reserved for French nationals abroad for the legislative elections - voting in the presidential elections can only take place in offices set up in consular premises or by correspondence, mainly for reasons of security.
2012
  • Presidential
  • Legislative
  • Referendums
  • Some seats in Senate
  • Personal
  • Proxy
  • e-voting
1926 The constitutional reform of 23 July 2008 made it possible for French citizens living outside France to be represented by 11 deputies in the National Assembly. This provision was established by decree on 9 December 2011. In 2012, the 11 deputies will be elected by French citizens abroad for the first time.
1975
  • Presidential
  • Referendums
  • Some seats in Senate
  • Personal
  • Proxy
1926 In 1975, France introduced personal voting and abolished postal voting because of the incidence of fraud (update was conducted in 2013).
1948
  • Presidential
  • Referendums
  • Some seats in Senate
  • Postal
  • Proxy
1926 In France, since 1948 citizens abroad have been provided with representation in the Senate, and since 1983 this has amounted to 12 seats. However, these 12 senators are not chosen in any direct way by the French abroad; instead they are selected by a college made up of 150 elected members.
1946
  • Presidential
  • Referendums
  • Postal
  • Proxy
1926 France introduced proxy voting for servicemen by 1946: by 1951, postal votes and/or proxy votes were available for voters in a range of specified categories, including those on government or military service or professional business away from their home.
1924
  • Presidential
  • Referendums
Postal 1926 France introduced external voting in 1924: French administrators posted to the occupied Rhineland were enabled to vote by post.

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