Micronesia, Federated States of

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

     

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    Government vehicles may not be used. Public employees may not be used for campaign purposes while on government business. Public property and broadcast facilities may not be used for campaign activities, unless they are  being made equally available to all candidates. 

  • Source

     

    (3) Notwithstanding anything in subsections (1) and (2) of this section, no National Government vehicle shall be used by a candidate, or his or her supporters, for campaign activities.

    (4) No candidate shall use the services of Public Employees for campaign activities during working hours or while such employees are conducting government business.

    Source: Article 108, Title 9, Revised Code of the Federated States of Micronesia 2014,

     (1) No Public Property shall be made available, without cost, to a candidate in a National Election, or his or her supporters, for campaign activities; provided, however, that campaign materials may be displayed on Public Property without cost so long as the campaign materials do not damage or deface that property and the candidate, or his or her supporters, remove such materials prior to 12:00 a.m. on Election Day pursuant to section 705 of this title.

    (2) If Public Property is made available to a candidate in a National Election, or his or her supporters, such property shall be made available on an equal basis to all opposing candidates and their supporters.

    Source: Article 108, Title 9, Revised Code of the Federated States of Micronesia 2014,

     

     (1) If any broadcast or print media, either public or private, permits a candidate in a National Election, or his or her supporters, to use its facilities or publications, it shall afford access on an equal basis to all opposing candidates, or their supporters, without censorship. No obligation is imposed under this section upon any broadcast or print media to allow the use of its facilities or publications by any candidate in a National Election. Appearance by, or mention of, a candidate in any bona fide news story or interview shall not be deemed to be use of a broadcast facility or publication within the meaning of this section.

    (2) All broadcast and print media carrying campaign advertisements shall clearly identify each campaign advertisement and shall indicate the candidate, or supporters of the candidate, responsible for the advertisement.

    (3) No broadcast or print media shall permit use of its facilities or publications by any candidate in a National Election, or his or her supporters, on Election Day.

    Source: Article 109, Title 9, Revised Code of the Federated States of Micronesia 2014,

14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia. No regulation of this in relation to candidates is contained in current legislation

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Candidates have equal access to broadcast and print media but there is no requirement for free or subsidized access to media

  • Source

     (1) If any broadcast or print media, either public or private, permits a candidate in a National Election, or his or her supporters, to use its facilities or publications, it shall afford access on an equal basis to all opposing candidates, or their supporters, without censorship. No obligation is imposed under this section upon any broadcast or print media to allow the use of its facilities or publications by any candidate in a National Election. Appearance by, or mention of, a candidate in any bona fide news story or interview shall not be deemed to be use of a broadcast facility or publication within the meaning of this section.

    (2) All broadcast and print media carrying campaign advertisements shall clearly identify each campaign advertisement and shall indicate the candidate, or supporters of the candidate, responsible for the advertisement.

    (3) No broadcast or print media shall permit use of its facilities or publications by any candidate in a National Election, or his or her supporters, on Election Day.

    Source: Article 109, Title 9, Revised Code of the Federated States of Micronesia 2014,

35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeSpace for campaign materials
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

     (1) No Public Property shall be made available, without cost, to a candidate in a National Election, or his or her supporters, for campaign activities; provided, however, that campaign materials may be displayed on Public Property without cost so long as the campaign materials do not damage or deface that property and the candidate, or his or her supporters, remove such materials prior to 12:00 a.m. on Election Day pursuant to section 705 of this title.

    (2) If Public Property is made available to a candidate in a National Election, or his or her supporters, such property shall be made available on an equal basis to all opposing candidates and their supporters.

    Source: Article 108, Title 9, Revised Code of the Federated States of Micronesia 2014,

36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    The ban on vote buying excludes the provision of transport  to a polling station, but no public funds may be used for this

  • Source

    (1) Any person who knowingly violates any of the provisions of this title or any rules or regulations promulgated pursuant thereto, or commits any of the unlawful acts set forth herein or elsewhere in this title, for which a penalty is not otherwise provided, shall be punished by a fine not to exceed $500, or imprisonment for not more than one year, or both.

    (2) It shall be unlawful for any person, directly or indirectly, personally or through another, to knowingly commit the following acts:

    (a) give, procure, promise or lend or offer to give, procure, promise or lend anything of value for the purpose of inducing or compelling a person to vote or refrain from voting for any particular person or issue, or to sign or refrain from signing a nomination petition;

    Source: Article 111, Title 9, Revised Code of the Federated States of Micronesia 2014,

     

    (4) Any person who, directly or indirectly, personally or through another, knowingly accepts anything of value for voting or refraining from voting for any particular person or issue, or for signing or refraining from signing a nomination petition shall be guilty of a national offense and upon conviction shall be fined not more than $500, or imprisoned for not more than one year, or both.

    (5) Notwithstanding the violations provided in this section, it shall not be unlawful for a person to provide voters with private means of transportation to and from the Polling Place on Election Day so long as no public funds are expended in providing this service.

    Source: Article 111, Title 9, Revised Code of the Federated States of Micronesia 2014,

39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    The law provides for candidates to have equal access to broadcast and print media but does not set any limits

  • Source

     (1) If any broadcast or print media, either public or private, permits a candidate in a National Election, or his or her supporters, to use its facilities or publications, it shall afford access on an equal basis to all opposing candidates, or their supporters, without censorship. No obligation is imposed under this section upon any broadcast or print media to allow the use of its facilities or publications by any candidate in a National Election. Appearance by, or mention of, a candidate in any bona fide news story or interview shall not be deemed to be use of a broadcast facility or publication within the meaning of this section.

    (2) All broadcast and print media carrying campaign advertisements shall clearly identify each campaign advertisement and shall indicate the candidate, or supporters of the candidate, responsible for the advertisement.

    (3) No broadcast or print media shall permit use of its facilities or publications by any candidate in a National Election, or his or her supporters, on Election Day.

    Source: Article 109, Title 9, Revised Code of the Federated States of Micronesia 2014,

45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

     

48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

     

49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    BLANK

  • Source
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia. No regulation of this in relation to candidates is contained in current legislation

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia. No regulation of this in relation to candidates is contained in current legislation

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia. No regulation of this in relation to candidates is contained in current legislation

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment

    There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia. No regulation of this in relation to candidates is contained in current legislation

  • Source

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeYes, EMB
  • Comment

    Alleged vote buying and abuse of State resources by candidates is investigated by the National Director of Elections as part of his/her general supervisory powers, and  who can request assistance in this from other State bodies. . There is no regulatory framework for other aspects of political finance. There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    The National Election Director shall have responsibility for the overall supervision and administration of all National Elections, and shall perform such duties as are prescribed by law or regulation, which include, but are not limited to, the following:

    ….

    (9) to review and investigate all registration and election irregularities, and any other alleged violations of this title, and where appropriate, to seek the assistance of other departments and agencies within the National Government with such investigations, provided, that in relation to assistance from the Department of Justice:

    (a) the Secretary of Justice or an attorney employed by the Department of Justice shall not provide assistance to the National Election Director unless he or she makes a written request for legal advice, in which the scope of the legal advice sought is clearly identified;

    (b) when providing legal advice pursuant to paragraph (9)(a) of this section, neither the Secretary of Justice nor any attorney employed by the Department of Justice shall make a decision in relation to a matter arising under this title independently of the National Election Director; and

    (c) notwithstanding anything in this subsection, neither the Secretary of Justice nor any attorney employed by the Department of Justice shall actively participate in the conduct of a National Election, provided, that he or she may be present to observe and provide advice upon request;

    Source: Article 303, Title 9, Revised Code of the Federated States of Micronesia 2014,

     

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeCarry out investigation
  • Comment

    Alleged vote buying and abuse if State resources by candidates can be investigated by the National Director of Elections, and  who can request assistance in this from other State bodies. There is no regulatory framework for other aspects of political finance. There are no political parties in Micronesia, and political parties are not regulated in the Constitution, or the Code of the Federated States of Micronesia.

  • Source

    The National Election Director shall have responsibility for the overall supervision and administration of all National Elections, and shall perform such duties as are prescribed by law or regulation, which include, but are not limited to, the following:

    ….

    (9) to review and investigate all registration and election irregularities, and any other alleged violations of this title, and where appropriate, to seek the assistance of other departments and agencies within the National Government with such investigations, provided, that in relation to assistance from the Department of Justice:

    (a) the Secretary of Justice or an attorney employed by the Department of Justice shall not provide assistance to the National Election Director unless he or she makes a written request for legal advice, in which the scope of the legal advice sought is clearly identified;

    (b) when providing legal advice pursuant to paragraph (9)(a) of this section, neither the Secretary of Justice nor any attorney employed by the Department of Justice shall make a decision in relation to a matter arising under this title independently of the National Election Director; and

    (c) notwithstanding anything in this subsection, neither the Secretary of Justice nor any attorney employed by the Department of Justice shall actively participate in the conduct of a National Election, provided, that he or she may be present to observe and provide advice upon request;

    Source: Article 303, Title 9, Revised Code of the Federated States of Micronesia 2014,

     

    In absence of political parties, all candidates stand as independents in Micronesia and campaigning usually focuses on local issues

    Source: IPU Parline Database, Federated States of Micronesia Congress Last Elections (March 2017) at http://archive.ipu.org/parline-e/reports/2213_E.htm accessed January 20 2018

58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison
  • Comment

    Sanctions are only applicable to vote buying. Other aspects of political finance are not regulated.

  • Source

    (1) Any person who knowingly violates any of the provisions of this title or any rules or regulations promulgated pursuant thereto, or commits any of the unlawful acts set forth herein or elsewhere in this title, for which a penalty is not otherwise provided, shall be punished by a fine not to exceed $500, or imprisonment for not more than one year, or both.

    Source: Article 111, Title 9, Revised Code of the Federated States of Micronesia 2014,

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.