Colombia

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentDonations meant for technical assistance on activities different from campaigning will be allowed.
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2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBan does not apply to donations meant for technical assistance on activities different from campaigning.
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3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentBan only applies to donations from juridical persons to the Presidential Campaigns. In any other cases, donations from juridical persons to campaigns shall be formally authorized by the absolute majority of the members of the directive board or assembly.
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4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentBan only applies to donations from juridical persons to the Presidential Campaigns. In any other cases, donations from juridical persons to campaigns shall be formally authorized by the absolute majority of the members of the directive board or assembly.
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5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentBan only applies to donations from juridical persons to the Presidential Campaigns. In any other cases, donations from juridical persons to campaigns shall be formally authorized by the absolute majority of the members of the directive board or assembly.
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6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBan applies to donations from juridical persons to the Presidential Campaigns. In any other cases, donations from juridical persons to campaigns shall be formally authorized by the absolute majority of the members of the directive board or assembly.
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7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
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14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentLimits only relate to campaign periods.
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15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
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16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • Code No contribution made by an individual can exceed the 10% of the expenses limit for each individual candidacy.
  • Comment
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18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code No contribution made by an individual can exceed the 10% of the expenses limit for each individual candidac
  • Comment
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20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, both regularly and in relation to campaigns
  • Comment.
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29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body | Share of votes in next election | Share of seats in next election | Participation in election
  • CommentCampaign spending is partly reimbursed if the party reaches at least 4% of the valid votes (for governor and mayoral elections), and if the list reaches at least 50% of the established threshold. Ongoing funding is partly available to all parties, partly to parties that have reached 3% of the vote (Senate and House elections), partly to parties that have reached the required number of seats, and partly to those with the required share of women and youth in elected/leading positions.
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeEqual | Flat rate by votes received | Proportional to seats received
  • CommentThe flat rate for the different offices is based on a formula established in the law that it is regularly updated according to variations in the inflation index.
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeOngoing party activities | Intra-party institution
  • CommentNot in the case of funding (reimbursement) for elections. Of the regular funding, 30% shall be devoted to the accomplishment of the party?s objectives and ends and 15% to the training and inclusion of women, young people and ethnic minorities, and the rest is of free disposal.
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32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentParties duly registered have free access tostate media on a permanent basis. For presidential and legislative elections,they have free access to state and private media during the two months prior to theelections.
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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual | Share of seats
  • Comment

    For campaign purposes, 40% of  the free time is allocated on an equal basis,and 60% in proportion to the number of seats in the Chamber of Deputies.

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34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentFor presidential candidates nominated by non-registered political parties or movements.
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35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentParties receive funding for transportation ofvoters on election day and for postage franchise. This funding is included inthe campaign funding.
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36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment

    A share of the public funding is to be distributed according to the number of elected women.

  • Source
37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeYes, funds earmarked for gender activities
  • CommentSome of the public funds provided should be used for activities aiming at the inclusion of women, youth and ethnic minorities.
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentThe limit is set per candidate, and the limit for a political party is the sum of the limit of its candidates.
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40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code The limit is set per candidate
  • CommentThe variables to be considered by the study madeby the CNE are: the estimation of the real cost of campaigning, the census andthe amount of money set in the budget for that purpose.
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41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit depends on the type of election and population of each electoral area.
  • CommentThe law entitles the EMB to establish the limit in January of the year of the elections. For instance, the limit for Senate elections in 2010 was set to 675 million pesos [I$ 506,000]; and for representatives between 264 [I$ 198,000] and 531 million pesos [I$ 398,000] depending on the population of the respective election jurisdiction.
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43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAnnually
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48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeNo
  • CommentCandidates report to the corresponding political party within the first month after the election.
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentReports are made public by being published in a national newspaper after being reviewed by the EMB.
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52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeSometimes
  • CommentOnly those donors whose contributions exceed an amount determined by the EMB
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53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB
  • Comment
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeEMB
  • Comment
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57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Loss of public funding | Deregistration of party | Loss of nomination of candidate | Loss of elected office | Other
  • CommentFines can be imposed by the EMB on parties, candidates and third parties, and may range from 2 to 20 million pesos, and the political party can temporarily or permanently lose their registration, public funding, or free access to media. Also, if found guilty of surpassing the expenses limit, the winning candidate can be removed from office.
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Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.