Colombia

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • No
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • Optional referendum
  • Citizens' initiative
  • Agenda initiative
  • Recall
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • Optional referendum
  • Citizens' initiative
  • Agenda initiative
  • Recall
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Specific laws/legislation
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • Independent electoral commission
First referendum/initiative held
  • 1957
Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
  • Yes

Question Value
Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
  • None
Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
  • Constitutional amendments
  • Any issue of national importance, except those excluded
Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
  • Adoption of international treaties
  • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
  • Creation/merger/abolition of sub-national territories
Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
  • President
  • Legislative majority
  • Registered electors
Who drafts the referendum question?
  • Optional referendum - Independent electoral commission
Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
  • Optional referendum - Independent electoral commission
Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
  • Optional referendum - turnout quorum
Requirements for a referendum to pass
  • Optional referendum - simple majority
Are referendum results binding?
  • Optional referendum - always

Question Value
Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
  • Citizens' initiatives - constitutional amendments
  • Citizens' initiatives - legislative proposals
  • Citizens' initiatives - other issues
  • Agenda initiatives - legislative proposals
Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
  • Adoption of international treaties
  • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
  • Amnesty and pardon
  • Any issue related to maintaining public order
Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
  • Agenda initiative - registered committee
  • Citizens' initiative - registered committee
Materials to accompany an application for registration
  • Proposed title
  • General explanation of the purpose
  • Full proposed text
Who determines the title of an initiative?
  • Citizens' initiative - proponents of the initiative
  • Agenda initiative - proponents of the initiative
What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
  • Commercial statement
  • More than one subject area
Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
  • Legislature
At which stage legality check is conducted?
  • After its submission but before the vote on the initiative
Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
  • Agency which administers direct democracy mechanisms
When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
  • Within a certain time limit

Question Value
Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
  • Governors, Mayors or equivalent
What are the grounds for recall?
  • Non accomplishment of the government program proposed at the beginning of the respective term, or general disaffection of the population with the performance of the authority.
What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
  • Recall can only be requested after one year since the beginning of the term in office has been elapsed.
When is the recall put to the vote?
  • Within a certain time limit
When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
  • Separately and subsequently
Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?
  • No

Question Value
How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
  • Citizens' Initiative - proportion of the electorate
  • Agenda Initiative - proportion of the electorate
  • Recall - proportion of vote at the most recent election
What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
  • Citizens' Initiative - fixed time period
  • Agenda Initiative - fixed time period
Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
  • Citizens' Initiative - signatories must be registered
  • Agenda Initiative - signatories must be registered
  • Recall - signatories must be registered
Where can proposals be signed?
  • Anywhere
  • By post
What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
  • Identity or voting card number
Restrictions in relation to signature collection
  • Not specified by legislation
What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
  • Sample of signatures are checked
Who checks the signatures?
  • Agency responsible for the administration of direct democracy mechanisms