Belarus

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for recall at national level
  • Yes
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
  • No
Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
  • Mandatory referendum
  • Optional referendum
  • Recall
Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
  • Constitutional
  • Specific laws/legislation
Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
  • Independent electoral commission
First referendum/initiative held
  • 1995
Has there been a national referendum since 1980?
  • Yes

Question Value
Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
  • Constitutional amendments
Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
  • Any issue of national importance, except those excluded
Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
  • Civil service
  • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
  • Issues related to territorial integrity
  • Amnesty and pardon
  • Any questions pertaining to election and dismissal of the President.
Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
  • None
Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
  • President
  • Legislative majority
  • Registered electors
Who drafts the referendum question?
  • Mandatory referendum - President
  • Mandatory referendum - Legislature
  • Mandatory referendum - Registered electors
  • Optional referendum - President
  • Optional referendum - Legislature
  • Optional referendum - Registered electors
Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
  • Mandatory referendum - President
  • Optional referendum - President
Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
  • Mandatory referendum - turnout quorum
  • Optional referendum - turnout quorum
Requirements for a referendum to pass
  • Mandatory referendum - simple majority
  • Optional referendum - simple majority
Are referendum results binding?
  • Mandatory referendum - always
  • Optional referendum - always

Question Value
Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
  • Citizens' initiatives - constitutional amendments
  • Citizens' initiatives - legislative proposals
  • Agenda initiatives - constitutional amendments
  • Agenda initiatives - legislative proposals
Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
  • Civil service
  • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
  • Issues related to territorial integrity
  • Amnesty and pardon
Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
  • Citizens' initiative - registered committee
  • Agenda initiative - a number of individuals
  • Recall initiative - 20% of voters in the corresponding area
Materials to accompany an application for registration
  • Full proposed text
Who determines the title of an initiative?
  • Citizens' initiative - proponents of the initiative
  • Agenda initiative - proponents of the initiative
What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
  • Not specified by legislation
Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
  • Government
  • Judiciary
At which stage legality check is conducted?
  • After its submission but before the registration of an initiative
Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
  • President
When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
  • Within a certain time limit

Question Value
Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
  • Members of the national legislature
  • Members of provincial/local legislature bodies
What are the grounds for recall?
  • Political or policy grounds
What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
  • Not specified by legislation
When is the recall put to the vote?
  • Within a certain time limit
When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
  • Not specified by legislation
Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?
  • Not specified by legislation

Question Value
How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
  • Referendum - fixed number
  • Citizens' Initiative - fixed number
  • Agenda Initiative - fixed number
  • Recall - proportion of the electorate
What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
  • Referendum - fixed time period
  • Citizens' Initiative - fixed time period
  • Recall - fixed time period
Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
  • Referendum - signatories must be registered electors in a specified electoral district
  • Citizens' Initiative - signatories must be registered electors in a specified electoral district
  • Agenda Initiative - signatories must be registered
  • Recall - signatories must be registered electors in a specified electoral district
Where can proposals be signed?
  • Anywhere
What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
  • Identity or voting card number
Restrictions in relation to signature collection
  • Not specified by legislation
What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
  • All signatures are checked
  • Sample of signatures are checked
Who checks the signatures?
  • Agency responsible for the administration of direct democracy mechanisms

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.