Bhutan

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBan applies to all donations except for contributions from?registered members.
  • Source
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAll donations from legal entities banned.
  • Source
6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentNo direct ban, but de facto ban through requirement to submit a list with the names of contributors as well as the amount of?each contribution.
  • Source
8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentNo direct ban, but de facto ban through requirement to submit a list with the names of contributors as well as the amount of each contribution.
  • Source
9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentElected representatives?may not?support any party or candidate?while on duty; the media is required to be neutral in its reporting.
  • Source
14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
  • CodeYes, for natural persons
  • Comment
  • Source

    Chapter 7, Section 65 (page 26): 'No political party shall accept financial contributions or in kind contributions, other than those voluntarily offered toit by any of its registered members, of an amount or value exceeding Ngultrum 100,000 [I$ 4,800] - per member per year or as may be fixed by the Election Commission from time to time.' (Source: Public Election Fund Act of the Kingdom of Bhutan, 2008)

15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is Ngultrum 500 000 [I$ 24,100] per member and year (or another level fixed by the EMB)
  • CommentThe limit applies to registered members of a party as only members are allowed to give contributions. Another amount may be set by the Election Commission.
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16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • Code Contributions are not allowed during the election period.
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code Limit is Ngultrum 100,000 [I$ 6,400], or an amount fixed by the Election Commission from time to time.
  • Comment

    Applies to candidates contesting for General Elections and National Council Elections.

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20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, in relation to campaigns
  • Comment

    Via a Public Election Fund.

  • Source
29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeShare of votes in previous election | Number of candidates
  • CommentA party is eligible if it has been registered for contesting the primary round of national elections in all twenty districts. If the party has taken part in previous elections it must have secured at least 10 percent of the valid votes in the previous primary round of national elections.
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeEqual
  • Comment
  • Source
31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeCampaign spending
  • Comment
  • Source
32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBroadcasting time and space in the print media shall be provided by the Election Commission.
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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual
  • CommentEqually provided to all parties contesting Parliamentary elections.
  • Source
34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentBroadcasting time and space in the print media provided by the Election Commission. Applies to candidates contesting Parliamentary elections, candidates to the Local Governments do not receive funds or other help from the Commission.
  • Source
35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeTax relief | The Election Commission shall sponsor for example public debates, pamphlets and brochures, posters, advertisments and postage
  • CommentThe Election Commission shall sponsor for example public debates, pamphlets and brochures, posters, advertisments and postage. Tax exemption can also be allowed on contributions made by registered members.
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36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentOffering or receiving gifts to influence a voters is banned, as is the provision of free transport to voters
  • Source
39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentIn relation to elections.
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40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Expenditure up to an amount not exceeding the fund provided by the Election Commission.
  • CommentApplies to election periods.
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41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentLimits differ depending on whether the candidate is contesting for General Election, National Council or Local Government.
  • Source
42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code In General Elections - up to an amount not exceeding the fund provided by the Election Commission. In National Council elections - maximum 130,000 Nu/ [I$ 6270] (or amount set by EMB from time to time). In Local Government elections - maximum Ngultrum 50,000 [I$ 2,400] (or amount set by EMB from time to time).
  • CommentDifferent limits for national and local?elections.
  • Source
43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAnnually
  • Source
48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeEMB | Auditing agency
  • CommentThe Public Election Fund Division within the Election Commission, with?the Royal Audit Authority as the external auditor.
  • Source
56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeYes, EMB
  • Comment
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57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Forfeiture | Loss of public funding | Deregistration of party | Loss of elected office
  • CommentApart from fines, forfeiture, dissolvement of a party?and?loss of public funding a successful candidate's election may be invalidated.
  • Source

Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.