Bulgaria

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Question Value
Legal provisions for mandatory referendums at national level
    Legal provisions for optional referendums at national level
      Legal provisions for citizens' initiatives at national level
        Legal provisions for agenda initiatives at national level
        • Yes
        Legal provisions for recall at national level
          Legal provisions for direct democracy at the regional level
            Legal provisions for direct democracy at the local level
            • Mandatory referendum
            • Optional referendum
            • Citizens' initiative
            • Agenda initiative
            Legal basis for direct democracy at the national level
              Legal basis for administrative requirements at the national level
                Who administers direct democracy mechanisms at the national level?
                • Government
                • Independent electoral commission
                First referendum/initiative held
                  Has there been a national referendum since 1980?

                    Question Value
                    Issues in relation to which referendums are mandatory at the national level
                      Issues in relation to which referendums are optional at the national level
                      • Any issue of national importance, except those excluded
                      Issues excluded from being the subject of referendums at the national level
                      • Constitutional amendments
                      • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
                      • See also sources
                      Issues of sub-national referendums regulated at the national level
                        Who can initiate an optional referendum at the national level?
                        • Legislative majority
                        • Registered electors
                        Who drafts the referendum question?
                        • Optional referendum - Government
                        • Optional referendum - President
                        • Optional referendum - Legislature
                        • Optional referendum - Registered electors
                        Who decides on the final form of the ballot text?
                        • Optional referendum - Legislature
                        Quorum requirements for a referendum to be valid
                          Requirements for a referendum to pass
                          • Optional referendum - simple majority
                          Are referendum results binding?

                            Question Value
                            Issues that can be proposed by citizens using the initiative process at the national level
                            • Citizens' initiatives - other issues
                            • Agenda initiatives - other issues
                            Issues excluded from being the subject of an initiative at the national level
                            • Constitutional amendments
                            • Taxes and public expenditure commitments
                            Who may propose the registration of an initiative?
                              Materials to accompany an application for registration
                                Who determines the title of an initiative?
                                  What disqualifies a proposed title of an initiative?
                                    Who is responsible for checking the legality of initiatives?
                                      At which stage legality check is conducted?
                                        Who decides the final ballot text when the initiative is put to a vote?
                                          When does voting take place once an initiative is qualified for ballot?
                                          • Within a certain time limit

                                          Question Value
                                          Which individuals/positions may be subject to the recall?
                                            What are the grounds for recall?
                                              What restrictions are there in relation to the time period in which an individual or position can be recalled?
                                                When is the recall put to the vote?
                                                  When does the election to replace an individual who has been recalled take place?
                                                    Can an individual who is the subject of a recall stand on the ballot for his/her own replacement?

                                                      Question Value
                                                      How many signatures are required to start the formal decision making stage of a direct democracy mechanism?
                                                      • Referendum - fixed number
                                                      • Citizens' Initiative - fixed number
                                                      What is the deadline for collecting required number of signatures?
                                                      • Referendum - fixed time period
                                                      • Citizens' Initiative - fixed time period
                                                      • Agenda Initiative - fixed time period
                                                      Restrictions in relation to the individuals who can sign the proposal
                                                        Where can proposals be signed?
                                                          What information must signatories provide when signing the proposal?
                                                            Restrictions in relation to signature collection
                                                              What forms of checks are undertaken to verify signatures?
                                                              • All signatures are checked
                                                              Who checks the signatures?

                                                                Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.