Belgium

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Question Value
1. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source
2. Is there a ban on donations from foreign interests to candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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3. Is there a ban on corporate donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
  • Source
4. Is there a ban on corporate donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Commentcorporate donations to candidate are prohibited. However, legal persons can contribute to candidates' campaigning as 'sponsors' of certaing events and activities. (see art 16bis/1)
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5. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAll donations from legal persons are banned.
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6. Is there a ban on donations from Trade Unions to candidates?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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7. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to political parties?
  • CodeYes, above certain threshold
  • CommentAnonymous donations below EUR 125 [I$ 150] are allowed.
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8. Is there a ban on anonymous donations to candidates?
  • CodeYes, above certain threshold
  • CommentAnonymous donations below EUR 125 [I$ 150] are allowed.
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9. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to political parties?
10. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with government contracts to candidates?
11. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to political parties?
12. Is there a ban on donations from corporations with partial government ownership to candidates?
13. Is there a ban on the use of state resources in favour or against a political party or candidate?
  • CodeNo data
  • Comment
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14. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period?
15. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during a non-election specific period, what is the limit?
  • Code A party may receive maximum EUR 500 from an individual each year. A donor may contribute a maximum of EUR 2,000 per year.
  • CommentThe limit of 2,000 ? per donor means that the overall value of donations (to parties, candidates, lists etc.) cannot exceed 2,000 e in a year.
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16. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election?
17. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a political party during an election, what is the limit?
  • CodeNot applicable
  • Comment
  • Source
18. Is there a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate?
19. If there is a limit on the amount a donor can contribute to a candidate, what is the limit?
  • Code Candidates cannot receive more than EUR 500 [I$ 600] from the same individual each year.
  • Comment
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20. Is there a limit on the amount a candidate can contribute to their own election campaign?
21. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to political parties?
22. Is there a limit on in-kind donations to candidates?
23. Is there a ban on political parties engaging in commercial activities?
24. Is there a ban on political parties taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
25. Is there a ban on candidates taking loans in relation to election campaigns?
26. Is there a ban on donors to political parties/candidates participating in public tender/procurement processes?
27. Are there provisions requiring donations to go through the banking system?

Question Value
28. Are there provisions for direct public funding to political parties?
  • CodeYes, regularly
  • CommentFunding provided annually to parties with at least one member of parliament in the Chamber of Representatives. Funds is equally provided to those parties that have lost representations in last parliamentary elections for three months.
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29. What are the eligibility criteria for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeRepresentation in elected body
  • CommentFunding is only available to parties with current Parliamentary representation, or that have been represented during previous legislature.
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30. What is the allocation calculation for political parties to receive public funding?
  • CodeEqual | Proportional to votes received
  • CommentPartly equal distribution to parties represented in a certain body and then an additional sum per votes received in previous election.
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31. What are the provisions on 'ear marking' direct public funding to political parties (how it should be used)?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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32. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAccess to media and advertising is competence of the community level, meanwhile provisions at the state level are missing. Different provisions then apply to this issue. In case of elections at every level, the RTBF (French community broadcasting service)grants free speach forums to democratic formations involved in the electoral process.
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33. What criteria determine allocation for free or subsidized access to media for political parties?
  • CodeEqual | Number of candidates
  • Comment
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34. Are there provisions for free or subsidized access to media for candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment

    Only to political parties

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35. Are there provisions for any other form of indirect public funding?
  • CodeYes | Free provision of a copy of the electoral register
  • CommentCampaigns enjoy exemption from tax stamps for election posters, advertising space, preferential treatment for election mail and free provision of a copy of the electoral register.
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36. Is the provision of direct public funding to political parties tied to gender equality among candidates?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
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37. Are there provisions for other financial advantages to encourage gender equality in political parties?
  • CodeNo
  • Comment
  • Source

Question Value
38. Is there a ban on vote buying?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentAny attempt of vote buying is condemned under the electoral code.
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39. Are there limits on the amount a political party can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • Commentpolitical parties cannot spend more than 1000000? for campaigning for parliamentary elections.
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40. If there are limits on the amount a political party can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code EUR 1,000,000 per campaign.
  • Comment
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41. Are there limits on the amount a candidate can spend?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentThere are specific limits for parliamentary candidates.
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42. If there are limits on the amount a candidate can spend, what is the limit?
  • Code Depends on candidate's position on the nomination list; limit includes fixed amount and amount for registered voter in previous election.
  • Comment
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43. Are there limits on the amount that third parties can spend on election campaign activities?
44. Are there limits on traditional media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
45. Are there limits on online media advertising spending in relation to election campaigns?
46. Do any other restrictions on online media advertisement (beyond limits) exist?

Question Value
47. Do political parties have to report regularly on their finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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48. Do political parties have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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49. Do candidates have to report on their election campaign finances?
  • CodeYes
  • Comment
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50. Do third parties have to report on election campaign finances?
51. Is information in reports from political parties and/or candidates to be made public?
  • CodeYes
  • CommentFinancial information from political parties' and individual candidates' election campaigns is available to all voters. However, it is only public for a period of fifteen days starting from the seventy-fifth day after the elections.
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52. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates reveal the identity of donors?
  • CodeSometimes
  • CommentAll donations in excess of EUR 125 [I$ 150] must reveal the identity of the donor. Parties must have a register of donations received
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53. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized income?
54. Must reports from political parties and/or candidates include information on itemized spending?
55. Which institution(s) receives financial reports from political parties and/or candidates?
  • CodeSpecial agency for political finance
  • Commentthe Control Commission is entitled to receive parties and candidate financial statements.
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56. Which institution(s) is responsible for examining financial reports and/or investigating violations?
  • CodeOther | Special agency for political finance
  • Commentthe control commission is entitled for monitoring political parties' financial accounts .
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57. What power is granted to the institution(s) responsible for examining reports and/or investigating violations?
58. What sanctions are provided for political finance infractions?
  • CodeFines | Prison | Loss of public funding | Loss of elected office
  • CommentSeveral different penalties apply. Those related to electoral campaigns, made reference to infractions of art.181 of the electoral code.
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Disclaimer: Maps presented do not imply on the part of the Institute any judgement on the legal status of any territory or the endorsement of such boundaries, nor does the placement or size of any country or territory reflect the political view of International IDEA. Maps are used in order to add visual clarity to data.